The European Research Council (ERC), an institution established by the EU Commission, announced on 26th September 2013 in Brussels that Professor Hans-Jürgen Butt and Professor Kurt Kremer, two directors at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz, will each be awarded an ERC Advanced Grant.
They will be granted research funds amounting to respectively some €2.5 million and some €2 million for the next five years. The ERC Advanced Grant aims, in contrast to other funding schemes of the Research Council, to support exceptional established research leaders to pursue new ambitious scientific projects - which had been given little or no attention so far - involving ground-breaking research topics.
Both Hans-Jürgen Butt and Kurt Kremer enjoy an excellent reputation in their areas of expertise among the scientific community.
Physics at Interfaces is director Hans-Jürgen Butt’s focal research theme. He has been leader of the same-named 65-headed work group at the MPI-P since 2002. In 2011 Butt and his team for the first time succeeded in obtaining superamphiphobic surfaces on which all liquids – even heavily wetting ones like oil and blood – roll off without leaving traces. Accountable for this is their nanostructure, which resembles that of candle soot, and consists of the smallest beads visible only under an electron microscope. The physicists in Butt’s team are working towards expanding this principle to new applications. Work has already been done successfully on membranes whose surface structure is optimal for filters separating gases like CO2 from liquids. Efficient gas exchange through such membranes enables high concentration of oxygen in blood. Life-saving heart-lung machines could thereby work more efficiently. "The ERC grant allows us to tackle several fundamental physical problems which currently limit applications" says Hans-Jürgen Butt. "We physicists may know the detailed structure of nuclear particles but we are still far away from understanding how a simple liquid wets a nanostructured surface".As a director at the MPI-P since 1995, Professor Kurt Kremer devotes himself to the theoretical and, in particular, computer-aided research of soft condensed matter physics, i.e. a form of organic materials that often cannot be clearly defined as solid or liquid. The research interests of the "Polymer Theory" group range from polymer networks over gels and biopolymers to organic electronics. With computer-based simulations and modelling calculations the members of Kremer’s group are able to predict materials’ behaviour and their properties. The big challenge consists in accurately predicting dynamic processes in a non-equilibrium state, for instance crystallization processes. In turn, these results enable specific prediction of the properties of new materials and proposal of manufacturing processes. The ERC is now supporting Kurt Kremer's long-term objective: The development of an integrated simulation tool. This instrument should enable statements to be made on a large scale from chemical building blocks to the behaviour of whole macromolecular systems in non-equilibrium states. Such a method would be a fundamental device for the material design of the future.
This funding decision announced by the European Research Council not only stresses the potential but also shows recognition of the fundamental research conducted at the MPI-P.
Stephan Imhof | Max-Planck-Institut
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