Pepper harvests produce a considerable amount of waste and efforts are taken at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak to turn this waste into pellets and have their potentials investigated.
Pepper harvests produce a considerable amount of waste i.e. 4-5 % of a 100 kg fruit spikes. According to Malaysian Pepper Board, most of the wastes produced during the harvesting seasons are discarded; this, despites effort to develop non-food products, such as organic fertiliser, from the waste generated during pepper harvest.
The research at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak aims to study the potential of turning the waste into pellets and running an investigation on the properties of these pellets. Through this effort, the potential of turning this pellet into feedstock for energy generation can be explored; also, it providing an alternative for disposal.
Production of pellets from agricultural byproducts is not new. Research on pellet produced from wood, barley straw, wheat straw and a few other agricultural byproducts has been conducted, and comparison of the pepper pellets properties can therefore be made against some of those pellets.
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