Two primary ways are the use of distilled water (both of domestic and industrial origin), and of fertilizers based out of biological mixtures. A study done by the Institute of Water and the Department of Microbiology at the University of Granada, directed by Dr. Maria del Mar Sánchez Peinado, stress the importance of controlling the contamination of our farm grounds. This is due to the increasing presence of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate, a chemical component whose active ingredient can be found in most detergents.
The research project, carried out by three professors, Clementina Pozo Llorente, Maria Belén Rodelas González, and Maria Victoria Martínez Toledo, was financed by the Ministry of Education. This study has proven to be an important advancement towards further understanding of agricultural soils as a receptor of these pollutant compounds, as well as the impact of such compounds on the microbial community, and its microbiotic role on agricultural soils with regards to LAS biodegradation processes. The field work of this study was conducted in the lowlands of Spain, researching LAS biotransformation capacity with regards to microbiota as well as its biotransformation kinetics.The most utilized
This research work goes deeply, from chemical, microbiological and molecular techniques, into the impact of LAS in the structure, function and composition of the microbial community in the soil ecosystem. Likewise, the scientists have analyzed the biodegradation capacity of this pollutant in fields with regards to the microbial community combining techniques corresponding to different knowledge areas, such as microbiology, analytical chemistry and microbiology. With regards to agricultural soils, “the use of biological mud as a fertilizer and the great demand for water due to agricultural needs are the main means ways that LAS reaches the fields”. A unique ecosystem, where biological interactions and biogeochemical processes, associated to organic material degradation and mineral elements transformation for plant nutrition are especially intense.
The scientists of the University of Granada warn about the negative effects of LAS “LAS could significantly alter the metabolic activity of soils, therefore affecting their fertility”.
Antonio Marín Ruiz | alfa
Sustainable forest management contributes more to climate protection than forest wilderness
07.02.2020 | Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Microscopic partners could help plants survive stressful environments
30.01.2020 | Washington State University
The operational speed of semiconductors in various electronic and optoelectronic devices is limited to several gigahertz (a billion oscillations per second). This constrains the upper limit of the operational speed of computing. Now researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg, Germany, and the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay have explained how these processes can be sped up through the use of light waves and defected solid materials.
Light waves perform several hundred trillion oscillations per second. Hence, it is natural to envision employing light oscillations to drive the electronic...
Most natural and artificial surfaces are rough: metals and even glasses that appear smooth to the naked eye can look like jagged mountain ranges under the microscope. There is currently no uniform theory about the origin of this roughness despite it being observed on all scales, from the atomic to the tectonic. Scientists suspect that the rough surface is formed by irreversible plastic deformation that occurs in many processes of mechanical machining of components such as milling.
Prof. Dr. Lars Pastewka from the Simulation group at the Department of Microsystems Engineering at the University of Freiburg and his team have simulated such...
Investigation of the temperature dependence of the skyrmion Hall effect reveals further insights into possible new data storage devices
The joint research project of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that had previously demonstrated...
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, recently completed a 5-year research project looking at how to make fibre optic communications systems more energy efficient. Among their proposals are smart, error-correcting data chip circuits, which they refined to be 10 times less energy consumptive. The project has yielded several scientific articles, in publications including Nature Communications.
Streaming films and music, scrolling through social media, and using cloud-based storage services are everyday activities now.
After helping develop a new approach for organic synthesis -- carbon-hydrogen functionalization -- scientists at Emory University are now showing how this approach may apply to drug discovery. Nature Catalysis published their most recent work -- a streamlined process for making a three-dimensional scaffold of keen interest to the pharmaceutical industry.
"Our tools open up whole new chemical space for potential drug targets," says Huw Davies, Emory professor of organic chemistry and senior author of the paper.
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21.02.2020 | Physics and Astronomy