Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Tariff reductions in the Doha Round will further erode border protection for EU agricultural products

04.10.2007
Agriculture is at the centre stage of the multilateral round of negotiations under the World Trade Organization (WTO). Market access compared to export competition and domestic support is the most difficult of the three pillars to negotiate. The United States (US) is aggressively demanding for significant reduction in tariffs, but the European Union (EU) is unable to do so because further tariff reductions will erode border protection for some of its important agricultural products.

MTT Agrifood Research Finland has completed a study to reveal the sensitive agricultural products in the EU due to further tariff reductions in the projected Doha Round. The EU agricultural products are examined by tariff lines at eight digit level. These products are butter, skim milk powder, beef meat, poultry meat, pig meat, white sugar, wheat, barley, and maize. The sensitivity of EU agricultural products to the fluctuation of exchange rates from USD 0.90 per Euro to USD 1.50 per Euro is analysed in conjunction with the different tariff reduction formulas according to the EU proposal, WTO draft proposal, and US proposal for tariff-cuts.

Out of the many proposals submitted to the WTO for the tariff reduction formula, the US proposal is the most extreme and the EU proposal is the most lenient with the G-20 proposal and the WTO draft proposal being in the middle. Naturally, the projected results show that the EU proposal will generate a lower number of sensitive products compared to the WTO draft proposal, and the US proposal will generate the highest number of sensitive products.

POULTRY MEAT IS THE MOST SENSITIVE PRODUCT AND CEREALS ARE THE LEAST SENSITIVE PRODUCTS

The results reveal that poultry meat has the lowest border protection among the examined EU agricultural products, followed by butter. Poultry meat is sensitive to the tariff reduction formula under the WTO draft proposal in almost all the exchange rate scenarios, except when the Euro is very weak (USD 0.90 per Euro). Likewise, butter is sensitive to the tariff reduction formula under the US proposal in almost all the exchange rate scenarios with the exception of a very weak Euro – USD 0.90 per Euro. On the other hand, EU cereals such as wheat, barley, and maize are the most resilient to the erosion of border protection due to further reduction in tariffs in the projected Doha Round, followed by skim milk powder in the EU dairy sector. Border protection for cereals remains intact even after implementing the tariff reduction formulas from all the three proposals. In addition, border protection for cereals is not affected by a variety of exchange rate scenarios. As the second most resilient product, skim milk powder is only sensitive to the tariff reduction formula under the US proposal and when the Euro is very strong – USD 1.50 per Euro. The results also demonstrate that EU agricultural products are very sensitive to the fluctuations of exchange rate. There are no sensitive agricultural products under any of the tariff reduction proposals if the Euro is very weak – USD 0.90 per Euro. On the contrary, a very strong Euro (USD 1.50 per Euro) will create the highest number of sensitive products in the projected Doha Round.

DETAILED ANALYSIS IS IMPORTANT IN IDENTIFYING THE EXACT AMOUNT OF SENSITIVE PRODUCTS

WTO members are entitled to select and designate an appropriate number of sensitive products. Proposals have extended from as little as one percent to as much as fifteen percent of tariff lines. The WTO draft proposal estimated that the number of sensitive products may be between four to eight percent of all agricultural tariff lines. Therefore, the EU may be eligible to designate between 88 to 176 tariff lines as sensitive products. This study has analysed only nine tariff lines out of the 2200 tariff lines for EU agricultural products. The examined EU agricultural products may represent other tariff lines in the same product category, but potential sensitive products at eight digit level have to be analysed individually in order to choose the correct and exact number of sensitive products for the EU.

Source: Ellen Huan-Niemi 2007. Market access under the World Trade Organisation: Identifying sensitive products in the EU. MTT Working Papers 146. 23 pages. http://www.mtt.fi/mtts/pdf/mtts146.pdf

Ulla Jauhiainen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.mtt.fi/english

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Researchers discover natural product that could lead to new class of commercial herbicide
16.07.2018 | UCLA Samueli School of Engineering

nachricht Advance warning system via cell phone app: Avoiding extreme weather damage in agriculture
12.07.2018 | Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF) e.V.

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Future electronic components to be printed like newspapers

A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.

The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

A smart safe rechargeable zinc ion battery based on sol-gel transition electrolytes

20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers

20.07.2018 | Information Technology

Princeton-UPenn research team finds physics treasure hidden in a wallpaper pattern

20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>