This is a major challenge that CIRAD is keen to take up in order to stimulate economic development in tropical zones with low rainfall. Breeding resistant cotton varieties would discourage African farmers from abandoning their land in the event of drought.
For ten years, now, CIRAD had been studying cotton growing in the arid lands of sub-Saharan Africa. Its researchers are working to breed drought-resistant planting material. However, "this is a slow business, involving numerous trials", as Bernard Hau, from CIRAD’s Annual Crops Department’s "Cotton Farming Systems" Research Unit points out.
The Israeli biotechnology firm Evogene has isolated gene/promoter combinations of agronomic interest in tomato that are involved in resistance to drought and to salt water. The idea is to apply the technique to cotton, using bioinformatic analysis tools that could lead to the creation of new varieties.
The Cottonstress project has been granted funding from the Agence nationale de la recherche, which should allow it to employ two researchers. Work is due to begin in May, at INRA’s Versailles laboratories.
Catherine Pannetier | alfa
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Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.
Magnetic reconnection has remained a bit of a mystery to scientists. They know it exists and have documented the effects that the energy explosions can...
Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.
Cultivating human cells in the Petri dish is not a big challenge today. Producing artificial tissue, however, permeated by fine blood vessels, is a much more...
Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.
In our digital world data security and secure communication are becoming more and more important. Quantum communication is a promising approach to achieve...
On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.
When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure
Now, a team of Penn Engineers has demonstrated a new material they call "nanocardboard," an ultrathin equivalent of corrugated paper cardboard. A square...
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16.11.2018 | Life Sciences
16.11.2018 | Life Sciences