Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Stiff DuPont™ SentryGlas® interlayers make train carriage balustrades both lightweight and secure

30.09.2010
Balustrades made from SIGLAPLUS® laminated safety glass from FLACHGLAS Wernberg prevent passengers from falling from the upper floor of the newly-developed double-decker train carriages from the Swiss company Stadler Rail AG.

Thanks to the use of strong and stiff DuPont™ SentryGlas® interlayers, the glazing – which reaches up to the carriage’s ceiling – can be produced at a very low thickness yet provides high levels of safety.


Photo: DuPont
Low-weight thanks to the high stiffness of DuPont™ SentryGlas® interlayers: curved panels of laminated safety glass from FLACHGLAS Wernberg prevent passengers from falling to the lower floor of Stadler Rail’s new double-decker trains, even in the event of an emergency stop or an accident.


Photo: DuPont
When produced in their opaque form, the panels act as a so-called “privacy wall” – thereby adopting both a protective and visually separative function. In contrast, the panels for the second glass carriages are mostly produced with a high degree of clarity, providing the impression of openness and space.

Accordingly, the elegantly curved panels also fulfil a principal requirement that applies to all forms of transport – the reduction of weight wherever possible. The Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerischen Bundesbahnen or SBB) will start to operate the new RABe 511 trains during 2011.

Laminated safety glass with SentryGlas® interlayers combines a multitude of benefits when compared to standard alternatives. For example, a similarly lightweight toughened safety glass would require the use of an additional guardrail because it will break into a thousand pieces when overloaded – for instance if struck by heavy, sharp-edged luggage during an emergency stop. Even the use of an externally-applied shatter protective film provides only a slight improvement. On top of this, there is always the risk of a spontaneous breakage caused by a nickel sulphide inclusion. Martin Rädel, sales manager for transport at FLACHGLAS Wernberg adds: “Stadler Rail sought a safe solution for every eventuality, which would neither require a guardrail, nor would it be heavier than toughened safety glass. By using SIGLAPLUS® with SentryGlas® interlayers, we have been able to provide them with a solution.”

“In general, a principal benefit of laminated safety glass is that the glass fragments remain stuck to the interlayer, significantly reducing the risk to passengers. Moreover, the glass panel remains intact overall, and is still capable of withstanding relatively high loads,” explains Ingo Stelzer, design specialist at DuPont Glas Laminating Solutions. “By using high stiffness SentryGlas® interlayers instead of standard PVB (polyvinyl butyral), the glass laminate is able to withstand greater loads and can therefore be produced at a comparably lower thickness. Moreover, should the glass break, the DuPont interlayer ensures a considerably higher post breakage strength than PVB. Accordingly, and despite the use of point fixings in the new trains, it is able to provide sufficient resistance to prevent passengers and luggage from falling to the lower floor of the carriage.”

In order to emphasise these benefits, DuPont carried out finite element calculations to understand the behaviour of different glass structures when subjected to a centralised load of 5 kN (500 kg). They show that laminated safety glass with a PVB interlayer needs to be produced at a thickness of 17.52 mm (8 mm glass/1.52 mm PVB/8 mm glass) in order to obtain the same level of resistance to deformation as a 10 mm thick panel of toughened safety glass. Stelzer continues: “When using a SentryGlas® interlayer, which is also 1.52 mm thick, then two glass panels each with a thickness of just 5 mm are sufficient to replicate the performance of toughened safety glass. Accordingly, the weight saving in comparison to standard laminated safety glass with PVB is close to 40 %. The difference in weight to toughened safety glass is purely down to the low additional weight of the interlayer.” Further calculations revealed that a laminate construction consisting of just two 4 mm-thick panes of heat-strengthened glass and a 0.9 mm thick SentryGlas® interlayer would suffice to meet current regulations such as UIC 566 “Loadings of coach bodies and their components”.

Comprehensive laboratory testing conducted by FLACHGLAS Wernberg, which included pendulum impact tests from a great height, confirmed DuPont’s calculations. “The glass panels supplied to Stadler Rail, each 800 mm wide and 1370 mm high, are indeed neither thicker nor heavier than their toughened safety glass counterparts,” confirms Martin Rädel. “Nevertheless, they meet the very high safety requirements demanded of them for the application, and without increasing energy use of the train itself.”

Using the screen printing process, FLACHGLAS Wernberg applies two different finishes to the balustrade panels with SentryGlas® interlayers. In its opaque form, the balustrade acts as a so-called “privacy wall” for passengers in the first class carriages, performing a visually separative function. In the second class carriages, the panels are mostly produced with a high degree of clarity, providing an impression of openness and space. “The SBB will use our new trains on the Zurich district line, and the demands placed on the glass panels will be correspondingly high,” explains Andreas Lunardon, who, as interior engineering manager at Stadler Rail, was very much involved in the specification of the glass. “The manufacturer designed the SIGLAPLUS® laminated safety glass panels in such a way that they remain durably attractive in the long-term, even despite such tough conditions. The surface, including the printed sections, is extremely scratch resistant. The very high edge stability of laminates made with SentryGlas® interlayers means that the panels will retain their crystal-clear transparency even at the edges – and this for the full duration of their expected lifetime of close to 40 years and despite intensive cleaning with highly-effective aggressive agents.”

Stadler Rail will supply a total of 50 double-decker trains to the SBB as from 2011. Divided into six sections, the 150 metre long trains weigh 296 tons and achieve a top speed of 160 km/h (100 mph). They each have space for 1694 passengers, 535 of whom can be seated. A later order has been placed for a further 24 trains, in this case divided into four sections, to be used on the SBBs regional express lines. “Our positive experience with this lightweight form of laminated safety glass has led to its planned use by Stadler Rail in future double-decker projects currently under development.”

FLACHGLAS Wernberg GmbH is part of the FLACHGLAS Wernberg Gruppe and represents seven decades of expertise in glass refinement. One of the leading glass processors in Europe, the company’s approximately 1000 employees produce insulating and safety glass on modern glass production machinery within the company’s six sites in Germany and Switzerland. With a total of 630 employees, Wernberg is the company’s largest site with very high levels of technical production capability. Its products are principally use for glazing in construction, railway and shipping.

Stadler Rail Group, system supplier of customer-specific solutions for rail vehicle construction, has locations in Switzerland (Altenrhein, Bussnang and Winterthur), in Germany (Berlin-Pankow and Velten), in Poland (Siedlce), in Hungary (Budapest, Pusztaszabolcs and Szolnok), in the Czech Republic (Prague), in Italy (Merano) and in Algeria (Algiers). The Group has a workforce of over 3,000 people around the world. The best-known vehicle series from Stadler Rail Group are the articulated multiple-unit trains GTW (539 trains sold), the Regio-Shuttle RS1 (450 trains sold), the FLIRT (618 trains sold), the double-decker DOSTO (125 trains sold) in the railway segment, and the Variobahn (284 trains sold) and the newly-developed Tango (122 trains sold) in the tram segment. Furthermore Stadler Rail manufactures passenger carriages and locomotives and is the world’s leading manufacturer of rack-and-pinion rail vehicles.

DuPont Glass Laminating Solutions provides materials, services and innovations to makers and specifiers of laminated glass. It helps create a better world by improving home protection and automotive safety, and enabling design of stronger, more energy-efficient buildings that let in more natural light.

DuPont is a science-based products and services company. Founded in 1802, DuPont puts science to work by creating sustainable solutions essential to a better, safer, healthier life for people everywhere. Operating in more than 70 countries, DuPont offers a wide range of innovative products and services for markets including agriculture and food; building and construction; communications; and transportation.

SIGLAPLUS® is a registered trademark of FLACHGLAS Wernberg

The DuPont Oval, DuPont™ and SentryGlas® are registered trademarks or trademarks of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates.

GLS-EU-2010-05

Note to the editor:
This press release is based on information provided by:
FLACHGLAS Wernberg GmbH
Nürnberger Straße 140
D-92533 Wernberg-Köblitz
Tel.: +49 (0) 96 04 48-0
Fax: +49 (0) 96 04 48-3 97
Contact: Martin Rädel
E-Mail: martin.raedel@flachglas.de
www.flachglas.de
Stadler Altenrhein AG
Park für Industrie und Gewerbe
CH-9423 Altenrhein
Tel.: +41 (0)71 858 45 15
Fax: +41 (0)71 858 41 45
Contact: Andreas Lunardon
E-Mail: andreas.lunardon@stadlerrail.com
www.stadlerrail.com
Editorial contact:
Birgit Radlinger
DuPont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH
Hugenottenallee 173 - 175
D-63263 Neu-Isenburg
Tel.: +49 (0) 61 02 18-26 38
E-Mail: birgit.radlinger@dupont.com

Birgit Radlinger | DuPont
Further information:
http://www.dupont.com

Further reports about: DuPont Flachglas PVB SBB SIGLAPLUS® SentryGlas® SentryGlas® interlayer

More articles from Materials Sciences:

nachricht Novel sensors could enable smarter textiles
17.08.2018 | University of Delaware

nachricht Quantum material is promising 'ion conductor' for research, new technologies
17.08.2018 | Purdue University

All articles from Materials Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: It’s All in the Mix: Jülich Researchers are Developing Fast-Charging Solid-State Batteries

There are currently great hopes for solid-state batteries. They contain no liquid parts that could leak or catch fire. For this reason, they do not require cooling and are considered to be much safer, more reliable, and longer lasting than traditional lithium-ion batteries. Jülich scientists have now introduced a new concept that allows currents up to ten times greater during charging and discharging than previously described in the literature. The improvement was achieved by a “clever” choice of materials with a focus on consistently good compatibility. All components were made from phosphate compounds, which are well matched both chemically and mechanically.

The low current is considered one of the biggest hurdles in the development of solid-state batteries. It is the reason why the batteries take a relatively long...

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum bugs, meet your new swatter

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

A novel synthetic antibody enables conditional “protein knockdown” in vertebrates

20.08.2018 | Life Sciences

Metamolds: Molding a mold

20.08.2018 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>