Heating the surface of cuprate high-temperature superconductor yields insulating state
Researchers from Boston College and Brookhaven National Laboratory have succeeded in modifying a cuprate high-temperature superconductor material into an insulating state, where they found an exotic liquid crystal phase.
The observation of a so-called "charge-stripe" crystal phase was the first of its kind in the cuprate, part of a class of materials referred to as Mott insulators, the team reports today in the journal Nature Materials.
The absence of free charge carriers denotes the material as "undoped." The process of doping introduces charge carriers and theorists have held that when doped, a cuprate would see the charge carriers order and form liquid crystal phases marked by periodic "charge-stripe" patterns. Such patterns have thus far only been experimentally observed in the superconducting state, said lead author Boston College Assistant Professor of Physics Iilja Zeljkovic.
Zeljkovic and the team, which included members of his lab, Boston College Professor of Physics Ziqiang Wang, and researchers from Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, used a new methodology to induce the charge ordering in the insulating state, they report in the article, titled "Charge-Stripe Crystal Phase in an Insulating Cuprate."
The team applied a method of surface annealing, a head treatment used to alter the physical and chemical properties of metals, Zeljkovic said. The process allowed the team to extend the accessible doping range in the cuprate, composed of bismuth, strontium, calcium, copper and oxygen.
Accessing new regions of the material, the team achieved a "lightly doped, charge-transfer insulator state," Zeljkovic said.
The team analyzed the insulating state at the atomic level using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy at liquid helium temperatures.
"Our measurements reveal the emergence of a unidirectional charge-stripe order with a wave-length of exactly 4 atomic lattice constants," Zeljkovic said. "Our data also proves that lightly-doped cuprates have a tendency to form stripes over the bidirectional 'checkerboard' order, thus resolving the long-standing controversy in the field that could not be settled using the existing data on higher-doped samples."
Zeljkovic said he and his colleagues would like to next explore the relationship of the observed charge ordered phase and the charge ordered phases observed in the superconducting state.
The discovery raises the question of whether the "spin" of charge carriers also orders into periodic patterns, forming so-called spin-density waves, Zeljkovic said.
Ed Hayward | EurekAlert!
New method inverts the self-assembly of liquid crystals
15.04.2019 | University of Luxembourg
'Deep learning' casts wide net for novel 2D materials
11.04.2019 | Rice University
A stellar flare 10 times more powerful than anything seen on our sun has burst from an ultracool star almost the same size as Jupiter
A localization phenomenon boosts the accuracy of solving quantum many-body problems with quantum computers which are otherwise challenging for conventional computers. This brings such digital quantum simulation within reach on quantum devices available today.
Quantum computers promise to solve certain computational problems exponentially faster than any classical machine. “A particularly promising application is the...
The technology could revolutionize how information travels through data centers and artificial intelligence networks
Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley have built a new photonic switch that can control the direction of light passing through optical fibers...
Physicists observe how electron-hole pairs drift apart at ultrafast speed, but still remain strongly bound.
Modern electronics relies on ultrafast charge motion on ever shorter length scales. Physicists from Regensburg and Gothenburg have now succeeded in resolving a...
Engineers create novel optical devices, including a moth eye-inspired omnidirectional microwave antenna
A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a series of 3D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties that go beyond what is...
17.04.2019 | Event News
15.04.2019 | Event News
09.04.2019 | Event News
18.04.2019 | Life Sciences
18.04.2019 | Physics and Astronomy
18.04.2019 | Life Sciences