“The study looked at a sample of more than 1,000 doctoral theses extracted from the TESEO data base and completed over a 15-year period between 1990 and 2004”, Ángel Borrego, co-author of the study and a professor of Bibliotechonomy and Documentation at the University of Barcelona, told SINC.
Over this period, the researchers noted that the percentage of men obtaining their doctorate was higher than that among women (by 60%-40%), except in 2002, a year when these figures were reversed. However, as Borrego points out, this percentage change would have been more representative “if it had remained constant”.
A more marked imbalance can be found in the case of thesis supervisors (70% were men in 2004) and the evaluation board members (more than 70% of them are men, rising to 99% in the case of board chairpeople).
The study shows more than 80% of male supervisors supervised work carried out by men. Female doctorate students, meanwhile, tend to be supervised more often by a mixed team (10% of the total), as well as having a higher number of female supervisors.
Greatest imbalance is in engineering
The study looked at the five areas of university studies – social sciences and law, engineering, humanities, health sciences and experimental sciences. The authors of the study found the largest gulf in the case of engineering with only one-quarter of the students being female. Meanwhile, 82% of thesis supervisors in this field are men.
The researchers foresee the figures moving closer together over coming years. “According to recent data from the National Institute of Statistics, the majority of students now registered in almost all university areas are women,” says Borrego, who also points out that nowadays “females are performing better, and there is a larger number of graduates, which means it is likely there will be an increase of doctorates in all fields in future”.
This study involved certain difficulties, since the researchers had to decipher students’ names from initials, and by consulting various sources.
SINC Team | alfa
Study relating to materials testing Detecting damages in non-magnetic steel through magnetism
23.07.2018 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
25.07.2018 | Event News
17.08.2018 | Materials Sciences
17.08.2018 | Information Technology
17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy