A new study shows that a history of smoking affects survival in patients with cancer of the head and neck. Patients who had smoked fewer than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime were three times more likely to have better overall survival, disease-specific survival, and recurrence-free survival compared with patients who had a current or previous history of regular smoking. There are approximately 38,000 new cases of head and neck cancer cases in the U.S. each year, the vast majority of which occur in smokers.
The study, to be published October 1 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, is the first to compare survival in pairs of head and neck cancer patients who differ in smoking status but are matched for other factors. The study provides a more accurate assessment of the link between smoking status and survival by limiting other factors that could affect observed disease outcome. "These findings support previous studies indicating that molecular differences exist between the tumors of smokers and non-smokers and may actually reflect two separate types of head and neck cancer," said Erich M. Sturgis, MD, MPH, in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and senior author of the study. "Our study suggests that the changes that occur in smokers may lead to a more aggressive form of the disease that results in poorer survival."
Although the relative risk of developing head and neck cancer is three to 12 times higher for smokers than for non-smokers, the impact of smoking on disease outcome is unclear. Past studies have had difficulty measuring the effect of smoking status on survival because non-smokers who develop the disease generally differ demographically than patients with a previous or current history of smoking.
Carrie Housman | EurekAlert!
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Just in time for Christmas, a Mars-analogue mission in Morocco, coordinated by the Robotics Innovation Center of the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) as part of the SRC project FACILITATORS, has been successfully completed. SRC, the Strategic Research Cluster on Space Robotics Technologies, is a program of the European Union to support research and development in space technologies. From mid-November to mid-December 2018, a team of more than 30 scientists from 11 countries tested technologies for future exploration of Mars and Moon in the desert of the Maghreb state.
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