Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Tackling Major Risk Factors Simultaneously Key To Improving Global Health

24.07.2003


Leading public-health scientists highlight in a study in this week’s issue of THE LANCET how confronting major risk factors that lead to poor health could have a substantial effect in reducing premature deaths and morbidity globally-especially in the poorest areas of the world. This preventive approach would also reduce the prevailing health inequalities that exist between the world’s richest and poorest nations.



Majid Ezzati from the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, Christopher Murray from WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, and colleagues estimate the potential health benefits from the removal of major risk factors that are associated with the main causes of death and disability worldwide. The joint contribution of the main 20 risk factors affecting global health (including malnutrition, poor water and sanitation, tobacco and alcohol use, and elevated blood cholesterol) were assessed in 14 regions of the world divided into three categories: high mortality developing regions; lower mortality developing regions; and economically developed regions.

Around half (47%) of premature deaths worldwide and around 40% of total disease burden in 2000 resulted from the joint effects of the main risk factors assessed. The investigators used comprehensive reviews of data on risk-factor levels and epidemiological studies in their estimates. They reported their results in terms of gain in health life expectancy (HALE) which is a combined measure of premature mortality and non-fatal diseases. Elimination of these 20 risk factors would have the following effects in reducing disease: diarrhoea (over 90%), lower respiratory infections (around 60%), lung cancer (72%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (60%), ischaemic heart disease (around 85%), and stroke (just under 75%). Removal of these risks would have increased global healthy life expectancy by over nine years from 56 to 65 years (ranging from 4•4 years (6%) in the developed countries of the western Pacific to 16•1 years (43%) in parts of sub-Saharan Africa).


Majid Ezzati comments: “This study shows that the potential health gains from reducing major known but often over-looked risks are enormous, especially for those societies that currently endure the worst health conditions. The findings highlight the need for our public health system to put greater emphasis on disease prevention by recognizing clusters of risk factors and designing policies and programs for addressing them, rather than merely treating their consequences.” (quote by e-mail; does not appear in published paper)

Richard Lane | alfa
Further information:
http://www.lancet.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Graphene gives a tremendous boost to future terahertz cameras
16.04.2019 | ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences

nachricht Mount Kilimanjaro: Ecosystems in Global Change
28.03.2019 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Explosion on Jupiter-sized star 10 times more powerful than ever seen on our sun

A stellar flare 10 times more powerful than anything seen on our sun has burst from an ultracool star almost the same size as Jupiter

  • Coolest and smallest star to produce a superflare found
  • Star is a tenth of the radius of our Sun
  • Researchers led by University of Warwick could only see...

Im Focus: Quantum simulation more stable than expected

A localization phenomenon boosts the accuracy of solving quantum many-body problems with quantum computers which are otherwise challenging for conventional computers. This brings such digital quantum simulation within reach on quantum devices available today.

Quantum computers promise to solve certain computational problems exponentially faster than any classical machine. “A particularly promising application is the...

Im Focus: Largest, fastest array of microscopic 'traffic cops' for optical communications

The technology could revolutionize how information travels through data centers and artificial intelligence networks

Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley have built a new photonic switch that can control the direction of light passing through optical fibers...

Im Focus: A long-distance relationship in femtoseconds

Physicists observe how electron-hole pairs drift apart at ultrafast speed, but still remain strongly bound.

Modern electronics relies on ultrafast charge motion on ever shorter length scales. Physicists from Regensburg and Gothenburg have now succeeded in resolving a...

Im Focus: Researchers 3D print metamaterials with novel optical properties

Engineers create novel optical devices, including a moth eye-inspired omnidirectional microwave antenna

A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a series of 3D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties that go beyond what is...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

First dust conference in the Central Asian part of the earth’s dust belt

15.04.2019 | Event News

Fraunhofer FHR at the IEEE Radar Conference 2019 in Boston, USA

09.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

New automated biological-sample analysis systems to accelerate disease detection

18.04.2019 | Life Sciences

Explosion on Jupiter-sized star 10 times more powerful than ever seen on our sun

18.04.2019 | Physics and Astronomy

New eDNA technology used to quickly assess coral reefs

18.04.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>