These are the main findings of a study on grafting of new neurons to the brain in patients with Parkinson’s disease. The study, headed by a team of researchers from Lund University in collaboration with London scientists, has been published in a recent issue of Nature Medicine.
'Previous studies have shown that transplanted dopamine cells can clearly improve speed of movement, reduce rigidity and the need for medication for at least a decade', says Jia-Yi Li, Associate Professor of Neurobiology, Neuronal Survival Unit at Lund University. 'We now see that they also are alive in large numbers, which is very exciting.'
However, in addition to the long-term survival of transplanted neurons, the scientists also found that Parkinson’s disease changes may appear inside a graft. This suggests that the disease mechanism is able to transfer gradually from a sick to a healthy cell in the brain.
'Our results suggest that key features of Parkinson's disease pathology slowly transfer from the patient’s brains to the healthy nerve cells in the transplant', says Patrik Brundin, Professor of Neuroscience and Head of the Neuronal Survival Unit at Lund University.
'We still do not know the precise cellular mechanisms, but the findings open up new exciting lines of research. If we can crack the mechanism, we may be able to devise treatments that prevent or slow disease progression in the future.'
The research group at Lund University and Lund University Hospital has earlier shown that the transplanted cells are functional for a decade. The new findings, that extend the survival time even further, mean that cell therapy is still a viable possibility.
'Although we have now found that the grafted cells may be affected by the disease, the pathological changes appear late. In my view transplantation of dopamine cells, probably generated from stem cells, therefore remains a promising and important novel strategy for the treatment of patients with Parkinson’s disease', says Olle Lindvall, Professor of Neurology at Lund University Hospital.
Ingela Bjoerck | alfa
Self-organising system enables motile cells to form complex search pattern
07.05.2019 | Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
Mouse studies show minimally invasive route can accurately administer drugs to brain
02.05.2019 | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Physicists at the University of Basel are able to show for the first time how a single electron looks in an artificial atom. A newly developed method enables them to show the probability of an electron being present in a space. This allows improved control of electron spins, which could serve as the smallest information unit in a future quantum computer. The experiments were published in Physical Review Letters and the related theory in Physical Review B.
The spin of an electron is a promising candidate for use as the smallest information unit (qubit) of a quantum computer. Controlling and switching this spin or...
Engineers at the University of Tokyo continually pioneer new ways to improve battery technology. Professor Atsuo Yamada and his team recently developed a...
With a quantum coprocessor in the cloud, physicists from Innsbruck, Austria, open the door to the simulation of previously unsolvable problems in chemistry, materials research or high-energy physics. The research groups led by Rainer Blatt and Peter Zoller report in the journal Nature how they simulated particle physics phenomena on 20 quantum bits and how the quantum simulator self-verified the result for the first time.
Many scientists are currently working on investigating how quantum advantage can be exploited on hardware already available today. Three years ago, physicists...
'Quantum technologies' utilise the unique phenomena of quantum superposition and entanglement to encode and process information, with potentially profound benefits to a wide range of information technologies from communications to sensing and computing.
However a major challenge in developing these technologies is that the quantum phenomena are very fragile, and only a handful of physical systems have been...
Working group led by physicist Professor Ulrich Nowak at the University of Konstanz, in collaboration with a team of physicists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, demonstrates how skyrmions can be used for the computer concepts of the future
When it comes to performing a calculation destined to arrive at an exact result, humans are hopelessly inferior to the computer. In other areas, humans are...
29.04.2019 | Event News
17.04.2019 | Event News
15.04.2019 | Event News
23.05.2019 | Materials Sciences
23.05.2019 | Materials Sciences
23.05.2019 | Physics and Astronomy