Researcher Dr Karen Webb said the 16 to 24 month old children consumed on average 10 per cent more kilojoules than their estimated energy requirement. She said small, ongoing excesses in energy intake could lead to overweight or obesity in the long-term.
‘Our study provides preliminary data on the eating habits of young children. The results could be used to help develop dietary guidance for young children, and to help plan early intervention to prevent childhood obesity,’ said Dr Webb.
Dr Webb and colleagues surveyed the diets of 429 Australian toddlers and compared their energy and nutrient intakes to Australian nutrient reference values. The study is the first to look at the dietary intake of very young Australian children.
The toddlers’ diets were generally adequate, with at least 90 per cent meeting their estimated average requirement for the majority of vitamins and minerals. But intakes of iron, dietary fibre and vitamin C were low in comparison with reference standards, while sodium intakes were too high.
‘These young children are still drinking a relatively large amount of milk in this transitional diet phase and this mixed milk and solid food diet generally provides all the nutrients needed for this age. But the variety of solid foods consumed was rather narrow and not always the healthiest,’ said Dr Webb.
She recommended parents encourage variety by offering children wholegrain breads and cereals, lean meat and plenty of fruit and vegetables.
Claire Hewat, Executive Director of the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA), said early childhood was a critical time for growth, development and establishing lifelong eating habits.
But she said Australia lacked an official dietary selection guide for very young children.
‘As part of DAAs comprehensive obesity strategy, we are calling on the government to develop national nutrition guidelines for children below five years. And these need to be applied to early childhood services, such as pre-schools and day care centres,’ said Ms Hewat.
Alina Boey | alfa
Study relating to materials testing Detecting damages in non-magnetic steel through magnetism
23.07.2018 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
17.08.2018 | Event News
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2018 | Information Technology
17.08.2018 | Life Sciences