Dr Haston’s study is pointing at genetics as contributing to this bone frailty, a finding which may have some implications in changing therapeutic practices. The article was published on February 1, 2008 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
The medical community generally considers the bone fragility associated with cystic fibrosis to be multifactorial. It is thought to be a consequence of the mutation of the Cftr gene, the gene responsible for cystic fibrosis, of the pancreatic disease associated with cystic fibrosis and of the treatment with steroids to facilitate breathing.
The study showed that mice with a Cftr gene mutation have a bone mineral density and bone mass that are significantly lower than those of control mice. This difference occurs without the pancreatic insufficiency seen clinically and in the absence of steroid treatment.
This conclusion clearly defines cystic-fibrosis-related bone problems as an additional pathology stemming from the Cftr mutation and not as a side effect of treatment. This may have some therapeutic consequences as it opens an avenue for defining a targeted treatment in mice.
Although the precise mechanism that links this mutation to bone development is unknown, studying these mice at different ages corresponding to childhood, adolescence and adulthood has shown that the bone structures of mice with the Cftr mutation get closer to the norm as the mice age; in other words, the genetic mutation seems to just slow bone growth and not prevent it. However, this partial conclusion requires further study to be confirmed.
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A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.
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To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
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