One-year data from a second double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 study showed therapy with ustekinumab given every 12 weeks provided sustained, clinically meaningful improvement in the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis through one year.
According to findings presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology, 87 percent of patients responding to ustekinumab 45 mg maintenance therapy and 91 percent of patients responding to ustekinumab 90 mg maintenance therapy sustained at least a 75 percent improvement in psoriasis through one year, as measured by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75).
Ustekinumab is a new human monoclonal antibody with a novel mechanism of action that targets the cytokines interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-23 (IL-23), naturally occurring proteins that are important in the body¡¯s regulation of immune responses and that are also believed to play a role in immune-mediated inflammatory disorders, including psoriasis.
In December 2007, Centocor announced that a Biologics License Application (BLA) had been submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Janssen-Cilag International NV announced its submission of a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) to the European Medicines Agency (EMEA).
¡°These findings show that ustekinumab may control plaque psoriasis with as few as four injections a year,¡± says lead study investigator Kenneth Gordon, MD, associate professor, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, and Head of Dermatology, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Skokie, IL. ¡°We are encouraged by the results seen in clinical trials to date and the hope that ustekinumab may hold for patients and the dermatology community.¡±The primary endpoint of the Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of CNTO 1275 in the Treatment of Subjects with Moderate to Severe Plaque-type Psoriasis Followed by Long-term Extension (PHOENIX 1) study examined the proportion of patients achieving at least a 75 percent improvement from baseline at week 12. Investigators reported findings from PHOENIX 1 that showed at week 12, after two doses, 67 percent of patients receiving 45 mg ustekinumab and 66 percent of patients receiving 90 mg ustekinumab achieved PASI 75 compared with 3 percent of patients receiving placebo (P
¡°The Phase 3 efficacy and safety data for ustekinumab are extremely promising and offer hope to a patient population in need of additional therapeutic options,¡± says Kim Papp, MD, PhD, Probity Medical Research, Waterloo, Ontario, and lead study investigator.
About the PHOENIX 1 Trial
PHOENIX 1 evaluated the efficacy and safety of ustekinumab in the treatment of 766 patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. Patients were randomized to receive subcutaneously administered ustekinumab or placebo. Patients randomized to receive ustekinumab received 45 mg or 90 mg doses at weeks 0 and 4 followed by the same dose every 12 weeks. Patients in the placebo group crossed over to receive either 45 mg or 90 mg doses of ustekinumab at weeks 12 and 16 and every 12 weeks thereafter. The primary endpoint of the study was the proportion of patients achieving PASI 75 at week 12. Patients responding to ustekinumab through week 40 were randomized to either continue treatment with ustekinumab or were switched to placebo.
Through week 12 (the placebo-controlled portion of the study) the percentages of study participants experiencing at least one adverse event (AE) were comparable between the placebo group (48 percent) and the ustekinumab 45 mg group (57 percent) and 90 mg group (51 percent). Those patients experiencing at least one serious AE were reported as follows: 1 percent and 2 percent of patients receiving 45 mg or 90 mg ustekinumab, respectively, compared with 2 percent of patients receiving placebo. After the randomization at week 40, 46 percent and 49 percent of patients continuing treatment with 45 mg and 90 mg ustekinumab, respectively, experienced at least one AE, compared with 56 and 48 percent of patients switched to placebo. Serious AEs were observed in 0 and 1 percent of patients continuing treatment with 45 mg and 90 mg ustekinumab, compared with 0 and 2 percent of patients switched to placebo.
Brian Kenney | EurekAlert!
Self-organising system enables motile cells to form complex search pattern
07.05.2019 | Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
Mouse studies show minimally invasive route can accurately administer drugs to brain
02.05.2019 | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Light can be used not only to measure materials’ properties, but also to change them. Especially interesting are those cases in which the function of a material can be modified, such as its ability to conduct electricity or to store information in its magnetic state. A team led by Andrea Cavalleri from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg used terahertz frequency light pulses to transform a non-ferroelectric material into a ferroelectric one.
Ferroelectricity is a state in which the constituent lattice “looks” in one specific direction, forming a macroscopic electrical polarisation. The ability to...
Researchers at TU Graz calculate the most accurate gravity field determination of the Earth using 1.16 billion satellite measurements. This yields valuable knowledge for climate research.
The Earth’s gravity fluctuates from place to place. Geodesists use this phenomenon to observe geodynamic and climatological processes. Using...
Discovery by Brazilian and US researchers could change the classification of two species, which appear more akin to jellyfish than was thought.
The tube anemone Isarachnanthus nocturnus is only 15 cm long but has the largest mitochondrial genome of any animal sequenced to date, with 80,923 base pairs....
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a completely new way of capturing, amplifying and linking light to matter at the nanolevel. Using a tiny box, built from stacked atomically thin material, they have succeeded in creating a type of feedback loop in which light and matter become one. The discovery, which was recently published in Nature Nanotechnology, opens up new possibilities in the world of nanophotonics.
Photonics is concerned with various means of using light. Fibre-optic communication is an example of photonics, as is the technology behind photodetectors and...
Fraunhofer IZM is joining the EUROPRACTICE IC Service platform. Together, the partners are making fan-out wafer level packaging (FOWLP) for electronic devices available and affordable even in small batches – and thus of interest to research institutes, universities, and SMEs. Costs can be significantly reduced by up to ten customers implementing individual fan-out wafer level packaging for their ICs or other components on a multi-project wafer. The target group includes any organization that does not produce in large quantities, but requires prototypes.
Research always means trying things out and daring to do new things. Research institutes, universities, and SMEs do not produce in large batches, but rather...
29.04.2019 | Event News
17.04.2019 | Event News
15.04.2019 | Event News
14.06.2019 | Information Technology
14.06.2019 | Materials Sciences
14.06.2019 | Medical Engineering