According to the clinical literature alexithymia tends to evoke negative countertransference reactions in the therapist, such as boredom and dullness.
However, hardly any empirical study has been done on the association of alexithymia and pejorative feelings in the therapist. In a cross-sectional study at three psychiatric outpatient departments, the associations of alexithymia with defense style and difficulties in tolerating negative feelings, and with pejorative feelings in the therapist was explored.
All consecutive new patients aged between 18 and 65 years who gave their informed consent were included. Patients completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Emotional Tolerance Scale (ETS), the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
The clinicians completed the Difficult Doctor-Patient Relationship Questionnaire (DDPRQ-10). Two hundred sixty-four (80.2%) of the 329 eligible patients agreed to participate. Main diagnoses: affective disorder (n = 51), anxiety disorder (n = 38), somatoform disorder (n = 35), adjustment disorder (n = 21), other mental disorders (n = 69) and no mental disorder (n = 40). All 35 clinicians agreed to participate in the study.
Most clinicians treated 2-6 patients. At the end of the study, alexithymia was clearly associated with the defense styles: strongest with primitive defense style mechanisms, negatively with adaptive defense style mechanisms and moderately with the use of neurotic mechanisms.
Alexithymia was also strongly associated with negative feelings such as anxiety and depression as well as with a low tolerance for negative feelings, especially for feelings of vulnerability. Alexithymia did not, however, correlate with the induction of pejorative feelings in the clinician.
Cornelis G. Kooiman | alfa
Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Oxygen loss in the coastal Baltic Sea is “unprecedentedly severe”
05.07.2018 | European Geosciences Union
A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.
The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
20.07.2018 | Information Technology
20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences