The original proposition of this dissertation was: information-processing grows in quantity and variety as the complexity and uncertainty of business increases during internationalization. This dissertation examines the dynamic internationalization process. The proposition assumes that the ways and means of accessing information is dependent upon the process of internationalization. Because internationalization is dynamic, turbulent and incremental, increased information-processing may be required.
This dissertation examines the need for and impact of increased information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. How decision-makers use information is, therefore, not the focus of this research. Thus, organizations are viewed as systems that need to balance their capacity to process information with the requirements originating from the internationalization strategy and the international business environment. Variations in organizational forms may also result from growing information-processing requirements faced during internationalization.
In this dissertation internationalization is operationalized by examining the different stages in that process. Information-processing capacity is investigated by observing the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). The ICTs observed were; email, internet, intranet, extranet, EDI and enterprise resource planning systems. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in the empirical stage. A large scale regression analysis was made of ICT use and very early stages of internationalization (imports & exports). Furthermore, interviews were made with more than 70 Finnish companies to understand how ICT usage grows during more advanced stages of internationalization.
The results of this research confirmed a strong relationship between incremental internationalization and growing ICT usage. However, business function (marketing, finance etc.) variations were observed. The size of the firm was not found to account for growing ICT usage.
A significant challenge to mainstream internationalization theory was uncovered during this research. ICTs were found to speed up the process of internationalization. Furthermore, it is clear that managers should consider the need for more information-processing capacity as the firm internationalizes. Firms also need to account for functional variations in information-processing. Moreover, the organization of information-intensive processes needs to be reconsidered, prior to and during internationalization.
Terhi Ollikainen | alfa
Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
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05.07.2018 | European Geosciences Union
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
16.07.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
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16.07.2018 | Earth Sciences