Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Pioneering study links holiday drug taking to acts of violence

24.09.2008
A new study shows that high levels of drug and alcohol consumption are behind the growth in violence among young tourists. The research work, focusing on Mallorca and Ibiza, shows that 5% of tourists visiting these areas become involved in some kind of violence during their stay. Ecstasy was the only drug consumed that the scientists have not linked to violent acts.

Spain is one of the most popular tourist destinations for young Europeans, with Mallorca and Ibiza, islands famous for their beaches and exciting night life, being especially popular. For this reason, three teams of researchers studied the link between the consumption of alcohol and other drugs and violent behaviour in recreational tourist areas there.

“Young people increase their consumption of alcohol and other drugs during the holidays – and violence rises in line with this,” Montse Juan, researcher at the European Institute of Studies of Prevention (IREFREA) and one of the study’s authors, told SINC. “Despite this, very few studies exist to inform us about this, particularly within the tourism context, where this predominates.”

The experts compared the violent behaviour of 3,003 British, German and Spanish tourists aged between 16 and 35 on the islands of Mallorca and Ibiza between 2007 and 2008. They used a methodology based on quantitative and qualitative techniques in order to better understand what aspects of night life are risk factors linked to drug consumption and violence.

The survey was carried out in the Ibiza and Palma de Mallorca airports, when the young people were returning to their cities of origin after their holidays. The results of this study suggest that 5% of visiting tourists are involved in some kind of violent act during their stay.

Among the respondents, 32.4% said they had witnessed violent episodes from time-to-time during their holiday, while 5.7% witnessed such incidents frequently. In 4.6% of cases, the tourists said they had seen violence every time they went out at night.

More than half of the participants said they had got drunk more than twice per week during their holidays (59.3% in Mallorca and 58% in Ibiza, with the level significantly lower, in both cases, among the Spanish visitors). Illegal drug consumption was greatest in Ibiza, and among British and Spanish tourists.

“Cocaine users were almost three times more likely to become involved in a fight than people who did not take it,” said Amador Calafat, the report’s other Spanish author. Similarly, he added: “Tourists who got drunk five or more days per week were 2.5 times more likely to get into a fight than those who didn’t drink during their holidays.”

The profile of a violent person

The main predictors of fights and acts of violence are “to be male, young (16 to 19-years-old), British, get drunk frequently and take cannabis or cocaine during the holidays”. The authors say ecstasy consumption during the holidays “curiously” had no connection to involvement in fights.

In terms of the levels of violence in international tourist destinations and the risk factors associated with holiday violence, the scientists stressed the need to develop prevention programmes and to design intervention strategies to prevent conflicts in the night life environment in these destinations, for the benefit of both tourists as well as the local population.

“Specific strategies should be created to prevent drug consumption and violent behaviour as part of recreational night life. Such programmes should promote healthier behaviour and attempt to reduce the spread of the culture of violence linked to recreation,” said the Spanish researchers.

SINC Team | alfa
Further information:
http://www.plataformasinc.es

Further reports about: Alcohol consumption drug consumption holidays night life tourist areas

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

nachricht Oxygen loss in the coastal Baltic Sea is “unprecedentedly severe”
05.07.2018 | European Geosciences Union

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Future electronic components to be printed like newspapers

A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.

The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

A smart safe rechargeable zinc ion battery based on sol-gel transition electrolytes

20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers

20.07.2018 | Information Technology

Princeton-UPenn research team finds physics treasure hidden in a wallpaper pattern

20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>