WHAT: Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, supported in part by the National Institutes of Health, have identified a common Achilles' heel in a wide range of seasonal and pandemic influenza A viruses.
The study found an infection-fighting protein, or human antibody, that neutralizes various influenza A virus subtypes by attaching to these viruses in the same place. This common attachment site provides a constant region of the flu virus for scientists to target in an effort to develop a so-called universal flu vaccine. Such a vaccine would overcome the annual struggle to make the seasonal flu vaccine match next year's circulating flu strains and might help blunt emerging pandemic influenza viruses as well.
The study provides data about the antibody attachment site that are similar to the findings of another research group, reported on February 22, 2009 (see http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2009/flu_mab.htm). Taken together, these studies provide a blueprint for efforts to develop new antiviral drugs as well as a potential universal influenza vaccine.
The Scripps research team, led by Ian A. Wilson, Ph.D., in collaboration with researchers at the biopharmaceutical company Crucell Holland (The Netherlands), discovered the potent antibody during a systematic examination of blood samples taken from healthy individuals who previously had been vaccinated with the ordinary seasonal flu vaccine. Using sophisticated screening technologies, the scientific team isolated antibodies that recognize flu viruses to which the average person has never been exposed, such as H5N1 avian flu viruses. Through this process, the scientists found one antibody called CR6261 that had broad neutralizing capabilities.
Subsequently, they found several antibodies similar to CR6261 in other donors as well. With the help of a robotic crystallization laboratory, the Scripps team quickly determined the detailed three-dimensional structures of this antibody when bound to the H1 virus that caused the 1918 pandemic flu as well as to an H5 virus with pandemic potential. CR6261 bound to a relatively hidden part in the stem below the mushroom-shaped head of the hemagglutinin protein, one of two major surface proteins found on the flu virus.
Laurie K. Doepel | EurekAlert!
Innovative genetic tests for children with developmental disorders and epilepsy
11.07.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Oxygen loss in the coastal Baltic Sea is “unprecedentedly severe”
05.07.2018 | European Geosciences Union
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
16.07.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
16.07.2018 | Transportation and Logistics
16.07.2018 | Agricultural and Forestry Science