"Reports about young people being attacked or injured in fights when they go out at night are becoming increasingly common", Amador Calafat, lead author of the study and a researcher at the European Institute of Studies on Prevention (IREFREA), which is at the forefront of studies into problems of childhood and adolescence and drug abuse, tells SINC.
The research, published in the latest issue of the Journal Psicothema, analyses the phenomenon of violence among young Spaniards (under the age of 25), in particular in terms of factors related to the night-time leisure context, among a selected sample of 440 participants in the Balearic Islands, Galicia and Valencia who regularly go out at night and consume alcohol or other substances.
Of this sample, 11.6% had been attacked or threatened at some time. This percentage rose to 23% for fights. The research goes further, finding that 5.2% of the young people studied carry weapons when they go out at night. "Having been threatened or hurt with a weapon was associated with having frequent arguments related to the use of alcohol and drugs", Calafat explains.
The authors state that adolescence is a risk factor itself, since young people are more prone and vulnerable to this kind of behaviour. Some important aspects for preventing night-time violence relate to the way in which environmental conditions are managed. These include preventing crowds from building up, using soft music when bars and clubs close and bright lights when it is time to leave.
"In order to prevent night-time violence, alcohol consumption among young people should be controlled by offering water and soft drinks at affordable prices, steering away from 'happy hour'-type alcohol offers, and strictly ensuring that alcohol is not sold to underage drinkers", the researcher concludes.
Violence among young tourists
Tourist destinations in southern Europe attract young people because of the good times and night-time action they promise. In another study, financed by the European Commission Daphne programme, the same research group studied the behaviour of young British and German tourists who chose to spend their 2009 holidays in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece and Cyprus.
The figures were impressive. Almost one-quarter of the study's participants (24%) visited bars and clubs every night during their holidays, and 95% consumed alcohol during their stay. More than two-thirds of the young respondents got drunk, and more than one in 10 took illegal drugs.
The 6,000 young tourists surveyed reported significant problems during their holidays. Almost 9% were sexually abused (7% of males and 10% of females), 6% suffered injuries and 4% were involved in cases of physical violence. More than half of the violent incidents (51%) took place in bars or nightclubs, while the rest (36%) took place on the street.
References: Nicole Blay, Amador Calafat; Montse Juan, Elisardo Becoña, Alejandro Mantecón, Marga Ros y Antoni Far: "Violence in nightlife environments and its relationship with the consumption of alcohol and drugs among young Spaniards". Psicothema, Volúmen 22, Número 3, 2010. http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3743.pdf
SINC | EurekAlert!
Drought hits rivers first and more strongly than agriculture
06.09.2018 | Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Landslides triggered by human activity on the rise
23.08.2018 | European Geosciences Union
The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles whose interactions are governed by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interaction. In the early universe, these particles moved (nearly) freely in a quark-gluon plasma.
This is a joint press release of University Muenster and Heidelberg as well as the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt.
Then, in a phase transition, they combined and formed hadrons, among them the building blocks of atomic nuclei, protons and neutrons. In the current issue of...
Thin-film solar cells made of crystalline silicon are inexpensive and achieve efficiencies of a good 14 percent. However, they could do even better if their shiny surfaces reflected less light. A team led by Prof. Christiane Becker from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has now patented a sophisticated new solution to this problem.
"It is not enough simply to bring more light into the cell," says Christiane Becker. Such surface structures can even ultimately reduce the efficiency by...
A study in the journal Bulletin of Marine Science describes a new, blood-red species of octocoral found in Panama. The species in the genus Thesea was discovered in the threatened low-light reef environment on Hannibal Bank, 60 kilometers off mainland Pacific Panama, by researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama (STRI) and the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR) at the University of Costa Rica.
Scientists established the new species, Thesea dalioi, by comparing its physical traits, such as branch thickness and the bright red colony color, with the...
Scientists have succeeded in observing the first long-distance transfer of information in a magnetic group of materials known as antiferromagnets.
An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to...
21.09.2018 | Event News
03.09.2018 | Event News
27.08.2018 | Event News
21.09.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
21.09.2018 | Life Sciences
21.09.2018 | Event News