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Overview of all focus news of the innovations-report

Overview of the focus news:

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Im Focus: Technology innovation for neurology: Brain signal measurement using printed tattoo electrodes

TU Graz researcher Francesco Greco has developed ultra-light tattoo electrodes that are hardly noticeable on the skin and make long-term measurements of brain activity cheaper and easier.

In 2015 Francesco Greco, head of the Laboratory of Applied Materials for Printed and Soft electronics (LAMPSe, http://lampselab.com/) at the Institute of Solid...

Im Focus: Future information technologies: 3D Quantum Spin Liquid revealed

Quantum Spin Liquids are candidates for potential use in future information technologies. So far, Quantum Spin Liquids have usually only been found in one or two dimensional magnetic systems only. Now an international team led by HZB scientists has investigated crystals of PbCuTe2O6 with neutron experiments at ISIS, NIST and ILL. They found spin liquid behaviour in 3D, due to a so called hyper hyperkagome lattice. The experimental data fit extremely well to theoretical simulations also done at HZB.

IT devices today are based on electronic processes in semiconductors. The next real breakthrough could be to exploit other quantum phenomena, for example...

Im Focus: IST Austria scientists demonstrate quantum radar prototype

Physicists at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have invented a new radar prototype that utilizes quantum entanglement as a method of object detection. This successful integration of quantum mechanics into our everyday devices could significantly impact the biomedical and security industries. The research is published in the journal Science Advances.

Quantum entanglement is a physical phenomenon where two particles remain inter-connected, sharing physical traits regardless of how far apart they are from one...

Im Focus: First simulation of a full-sized mitochondrial membrane

New algorithm links different scales, bringing simulated cell a step closer

Scientists from the University of Groningen have developed a method that combines different resolution levels in a computer simulation of biological membranes.

Im Focus: How Nano-Sensors Help with Treatment

ESF-funded project "SenseCare” at Chemnitz University of Technology successfully completed - Therapeutic support, especially for diabetes mellitus

In the medical field, flexible and highly sensitive sensors can combine diagnostics and treatment with high comfort for patients.

Im Focus: Quantum jump tipping the balance

A new door to the quantum world: when an atom absorbs or releases energy via the quantum jump of an electron, it becomes heavier or lighter, according to Einstein’s theory of relativity (E = mc²). However, the effect is minuscule for a single atom. Nevertheless, the team of Klaus Blaum and Sergey Eliseev at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics has successfully measured this tiny change in the mass of individual atoms for the first time. In order to achieve this, they used the ultra-precise Pentatrap atomic balance at the institute in Heidelberg. The team discovered a previously unobserved quantum state in rhenium, which could be interesting for future atomic clocks.

Astonishing, but true: if you wind a mechanical watch, it becomes heavier. The same thing happens when you charge your smartphone. This can be explained by the...

Im Focus: Drops of nanoparticles self-stir and communicate

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems have discovered a new mechanism of self-organization of active matter. When photochemically active nanoparticles are enclosed at high density within a drop and are exposed to UV light, a self-organized flow pattern emerges by spontaneous symmetry breaking. Furthermore, each drop communicates with neighbouring drops by exchanging chemicals, and coordination of their internal flows occurs – even when far apart.

Communication and organized behaviour is considered to be the quintessence of living systems. For example, understanding how cellular patterns form is one of...

Im Focus: Scientists prove the existence of Skyrmion tubes

For the first time, an international team of researchers succeeded in demonstrating the previously unknown structure of magnetic skyrmion tubes in 3D. This knowledge makes it possible to better understand the formation and destruction of skyrmions and to use the magnetic structures in so-called spintronic storage devices.

Scientists have never before succeeded in making so-called skyrmions – 100 nanometre small vortex structures that occur in magnetic material – visible in 3D....

Im Focus: Scientists outsmart nature by building super liquid-repellent dry adhesives

A specific fibril tip shape design is the key to achieving elastic dry fibril adhesives with super liquid repellency. This new bioinspired material opens up many possibilities for use, as it prevents any form of liquid droplet or layer from hindering or degrading its adhesion.

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (MPI-IS) in Stuttgart have developed a bioinspired reversible dry adhesive material that is able...

Im Focus: Gravitational wave astronomy: Black holes have no hair

With the help of NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, an international team of researchers has confirmed that the cosmic object OJ 287 is a distant galaxy with a binary system of two supermassive black holes in its centre, which are orbiting each other. With the measurement data that the scientists present in today’s issue of the “Astrophysical Journal Letters”, they also verify the “no-hair” theorem of black holes. Astrophysicists from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena are among the authors of the study (https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab79a4)

It took more than 100 years until the existence of gravitational waves predicted by Albert Einstein in 1915 as part of his general theory of relativity was...

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