Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Some coral reefs are keeping pace with ocean warming

Surviving corals from past underwater heatwaves may be more tolerant of rising ocean temperatures, providing hope for conservation and restoration of reefs. Some coral communities are becoming more heat tolerant…

Nightmare Without End

Study with participation from Heidelberg shows that supervolcanoes remain dangerous long after erupting. Besides cosmic impacts, supervolcanic eruptions rank among the worst catastrophes in the Earth’s history, like that of…

Studying landslide’s structure by high-frequency receiver functions of local earthquakes

Landslides are recurrent geological phenomena on Earth that cause heavy casualties and property losses annually. While teleseismic receiver functions have been widely used for crust-mantle structure analysis, they have rarely…

A Lunar-based Soft X-ray Imager (LSXI) for the Earth’s magnetosphere

The solar wind-magnetosphere coupling and its dynamic process are the basic driving factors for space weather. To understand its physical connotation, it is necessary to understand the processes of global…

The future of flooding in Venice

Improving projections, predictions and protection in the face of expected sea level rise. A new assessment of flood risk in Venice indicates that the impact of higher emissions on relative…

Global climate crisis of the Triassic period

Fossil site in Lower Austria provides deep insights into Austria’s earth history. Over 6000 unique fossils of the alpine Triassic period have been investigated by NHM Vienna-Palaeontologist Alexander Lukeneder and…

Volcanoes acted as a safety valve for Earth’s long-term climate

Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered that extensive chains of volcanoes have been responsible for both emitting and then removing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) over geological time. This…

Under the northern lights: Mesospheric ozone layer depletion explained

The same phenomenon that causes aurorae — the magical curtains of green light often visible from the polar regions of the Earth — causes mesospheric ozone layer depletion. This depletion…

FSU researchers refine estimate of amount of carbon in Earth’s outer core

New research from Florida State University and Rice University is providing a better estimate of the amount of carbon in the Earth’s outer core, and the work suggests the core…

Thwaites Glacier: Significant Geothermal Heat Beneath the Ice Stream

Researchers map the geothermal heat flow in West Antarctica; a new potential weak spot in the ice sheet’s stability is identified. Ice losses from Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica are…

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