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Parenteral controlled drug delivery is of crucial importance for the pharmacotherapy of many diseases (e.g. breast and prostate cancer, local inflammation). By means of controlled release systems it is possible to decrease the frequency of administration (from hours to months), to increase drug efficiency and to decrease side effects. The problem is solved by providing Direct Injectable Polymer Solutions (DIPOs) which act as a depot after administration. Their polarity and degradation rate is adjustable. They are much less acidic compared to PLA/PLGA polymers.
Yellow mosaic virus disease leads to substantial losses - up to 50 % of the yield - in susceptible barley varieties (Hordeum vulgare). The disease is caused by different strains of Barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV) and Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV). It cannot be cured by chemical treatment. The present invention provides a new recessive resistance gene. Variants of the gene lead to resistance against all agents known to cause yellow mosaic virus disease in Europe.
The Technology provides a new and outstanding method for the enhancement of the
quality of dim images. Inspired by the spatial integration of visual information in
nocturnal insects, the algorithm successfully enhances the contrast and brightness of
dim images and removes noise while preserving fine details and object contours. The
patented system is applicable to field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) or image
processors, which offer parallel computing capabilities. A wide variety of capabilities
and markets from automotive sector to the enhancement of diagnostic images can be
The Carl von Ossietzky University in Oldenburg, Germany, developed a method which markedly improved the quantitative determination of hydrogen. A so-called TPR is conducted by coupling a flame ionization detector (FID) to a methanizer. Adding a certain amount of carbon monoxide (CO) and an excess amount of hydrogen immediately upstream of the FID, CO will react with hydrogen to yield methane. Methane produces a FID signal which is proportional to the amount of hydrogen in the sample.
As yet there has been no satisfactory and easy method to determine the concentrations of substances dissolved in liquid product flows. Previous methods using sensors were not sufficiently reliable and not designed for flow-through systems. Or they required that the analyte whose concentration was to be determined was already known. The device according to invention makes it easy to determine the analyte in a liquid phase both qualitatively and quantitatively.
The Carl von Ossietzky University in Oldenburg, Germany, developed a method which serves the purpose of identifying and quantifying substances (proteins, amino acids, drug constituents) in solution.
Researchers from the University of Oldenburg, Germany, developed a laser cantilever anemometer (LCA) which utilizes the laser pointer principle of a scanning-force microscope to capture the velocity and the angle of fluid flows.
Researchers at the University of Oldenburg have developed a flap for wind turbine generators which is mounted parallel to the main rotor blade and is considerably smaller in its size and mass than the main blade. The core piece of the invention is the adjustable pitch of the flap. The flap's pitch as well as its distance to the main blade can be swiftly adjusted to actual wind variations by means of a control unit or adaptive mechanics, thus assuring an optimal airflow at the site of the main rotor. The flap adjustment unit is able to consider the position of the main blade, the actual rotor rotation speed, and the actual wind speed. A purely mechanical adaptive pitch adjustment is also in a state of planning.
The newly developed method improves the monitoring and control process for beam welding. In contrast to most
commonly used methods, the new monitoring process is root sided, i. e. it takes place on the back part of the
workpiece. Furthermore, the invention describes a monitoring device optimized for beam welding. Beam welding
using the invention avoids incomplete fusion at the weld interface and increases the stability of the weld joint.
Method for reducing cross-talk / interference: The optimal utilization of the available frequency bands plays an important role in the transmission of messages. In frequency multiplexing, sub-frequency bands are allocated to individual communication channels, which are usually completely independent of each other. In practice, however, there is cross-talk, that is, in a channel, signals from the two adjacent channels are also received. Thus, the received signal is composed of useful signal and interference signal. The aim of the present invention is to compensate for the interfering signal component. This is particularly important when the intensity of the adjacent channel signals and thus the interference signal which they contribute are greater than the actual useful signal (adjacent channel interference problem).
Charge flow frequency converters are used when especially small electrical currents must be measured. Usually, the integrator and the comparator are connected in series. The improved method can be used anywhere where very small currents of both polarities with high dynamics are measured.
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Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. They were able to show that a special form of mechanical vibration heats trapped particles in a very short time and knocks them out of the trap.
By controlling individual atoms, quantum properties can be investigated and made usable for technological applications. For about ten years, physicists have...
An international team of scientists, including three researchers from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), has shed new light on one of the central mysteries of solar physics: how energy from the Sun is transferred to the star's upper atmosphere, heating it to 1 million degrees Fahrenheit and higher in some regions, temperatures that are vastly hotter than the Sun's surface.
With new images from NJIT's Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO), the researchers have revealed in groundbreaking, granular detail what appears to be a likely...
Fraunhofer IFAM Dresden demonstrates manufacturing of copper components
The Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Dresden has succeeded in using Selective Electron Beam Melting (SEBM) to...
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are valuable for a wide variety of applications. Made of graphene sheets rolled into tubes 10,000 times smaller than a human hair, CNTs have an exceptional strength-to-mass ratio and excellent thermal and electrical properties. These features make them ideal for a range of applications, including supercapacitors, interconnects, adhesives, particle trapping and structural color.
New research reveals even more potential for CNTs: as a coating, they can both repel and hold water in place, a useful property for applications like printing,...
If you've ever tried to put several really strong, small cube magnets right next to each other on a magnetic board, you'll know that you just can't do it. What happens is that the magnets always arrange themselves in a column sticking out vertically from the magnetic board. Moreover, it's almost impossible to join several rows of these magnets together to form a flat surface. That's because magnets are dipolar. Equal poles repel each other, with the north pole of one magnet always attaching itself to the south pole of another and vice versa. This explains why they form a column with all the magnets aligned the same way.
Now, scientists at ETH Zurich have managed to create magnetic building blocks in the shape of cubes that - for the first time ever - can be joined together to...