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Innovations from the fields of bionics, marine biology and microbiology

Understanding nature and transferring its traits to technology is not only the objective of bionics, but also of marine biology and microbiology.

Bionics, marine biology or microbiology. Here you can find scientific reports and articles about achievements and developments in the fields of bionics, marine biology and microbiology. Technical research departments at many universities and institutes are examining and learning from nature and then collaborating with the fields of bionics, marine biology and microbiology. Although Arnold Gehlen once labeled humanity as a "flawed being" that had to create its own culture to survive nature's environment, we can be certain he had not yet considered the opportunities presented by bionics, marine biology and microbiology. Science is meanwhile using the traits of the flawed being to contemplate how to utilize bionics, marine biology and microbiology to copy animals, plants and the rest of the environment. Because nature features attributes such as the hardest and most durable materials and efficient energy production and conversion, it has become a treasure trove of knowledge for bionics, marine biology and microbiology. As a stand-alone branch of research, science can use bionics to demonstrate that nature is superior to humans in many aspects and that we still have a lot to learn from it, whether in macro or microbiology.

Bionics takes the leap from comics to research

The "Bionic Six" comic and animated television series revolved around a family who collaborated with a researcher to utilize the attributes of nature to combat those intent on destroying it. The "Bionic Six" acquired their power and speed through bionics. They knew how to take advantage of the physical forces of nature and were already advancing into the fields of marine biology and microbiology research. Today, bionics is a well-respected field of research that has little to do with children's entertainment. Bionics occupies itself with nature's "inventions" and works closely with the fields of marine biology and microbiology to transfer their attributes to the human culture. Bionics has already proved its worth in the fields of materials research and nano technology. Bionics and microbiology have also made progress in areas such as energy production and storage.

Marine biology and microbiology - two close partners

Marine biology has enjoyed new impetus over the past several years. Although researchers have long been occupied with both fields, marine biology and microbiology were thrust into the public spotlight no later than with the publication of "The Swarm", a novel by German author Frank Schätzing. Over the last year, marine biology and microbiology reports revealed that although scientists have unearthed a wealth of new discoveries in marine biology and microbiology, there remain thousands of undiscovered animal species in both areas. Microbiology is actually a vital part of marine biology since the ocean depths contain not only large animals, but also organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye. And this is where microbiology comes into play. Marine biology and microbiology are engaged in examining the effects of currents, depths and temperatures on the development and propagation of organisms and animals. For this reason, marine biology and microbiology researchers are working to discover new animal species and organisms, all the while further expanding the depths of geography and science. When marine biology and microbiology come together with bionics, this can result in unimagined discoveries and thus the development of new methods that humans can implement for their own benefit and for the protection of the environment. The latest achievements in the fields of bionics, marine biology and microbiology can be found in innovations-report.

Life Sciences

Articles and reports from the Life Sciences area deal with applied and basic research into modern biology, chemistry and human medicine.

Valuable information can be found on a range of life sciences fields including bacteriology, biochemistry, bionics, bioinformatics, biophysics, biotechnology, genetics, geobotany, human biology, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biology, cellular biology, zoology, bioinorganic chemistry, microchemistry and environmental chemistry.

Latest News:

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“Science” study: Chemists achieve breakthrough in the synthesis of graphene nanoribbons

Graphene Nanoribbons might soon be much easier to produce. An international research team led by Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), the University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the U.S. has succeeded in producing this versatile material for the first time directly on the surface of semiconductors. Until now, this was only possible on metal surfaces. The new approach also enables scientists to customise the properties of the nanoribbons. Storage technology is one of the potential applications of the material. The research team reports on its results in the current issue of "Science".

For years, graphene has been regarded as the material of the future. In simple terms, it is a two-dimensional carbon surface that resembles a honeycomb. This...

26.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Sepsis can have long-term negative effects on the brain

Infections can trigger a particularly strong immune reaction of the body (termed sepsis). In such a sepsis the immune system reacts so strongly that not only the pathogens but also tissues and organs are damaged. In a study with mice, researchers from the Technische Universität Braunschweig were able to show that sepsis can have long-term effects on the brain and learning behaviour even after recovery from the sepsis itself. Inhibition of the protein complex NLRP3 could prevent these negative effects. The study has now been published in the Journal of Neuroscience. The German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Universität Bonn were also involved in the study.

Microglial cells are immune cells in the brain and belong to the innate human immune system. When pathogens attack the brain, they activate special protein...

26.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Bioactive natural compounds for the fight against cancer

Phytoalexins are bioactive phytochemicals that have attracted much attention in recent years due to their health-promoting effects in humans and their vital role in plant health. Chemists at TU Dresden have now developed a new and very efficient synthesis for these substances. With the new method, they are paving the way for a simpler production of phytoalexins and thus for large-scale investigations into their effects, especially with regard to their positive influence in the fight against cancer.

Through a balanced diet, we consume larger quantities of phytoalexins every day - in a natural and healthy way. Phytoalexins (gr. phytos = plant, alekein =...

25.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

"Green brother" of PET - LIKAT Simplifies Procedure for the Building Blocks of the Bio-Polymer PEF

Young researchers at the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis, LIKAT, in Rostock have developed a catalytic process for bio-polymers that runs under very mild conditions. The results are building blocks of the plastic PEF, a sustainable alternative to PET beverage packaging. The production of PEF building blocks does not require petroleum, but instead cellulose, i.e. biomass, and essentially only alcohol and air. The process can be transferred into practice immediately. To make it freely accessible, the young chemists published their findings on an open-access platform.

Coca Cola was the first company to build a plant bottle factory in the USA for beverage bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which are produced...

24.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Treating leukaemia more effectively

Mystery about the cancer drug nelarabine solved after decades

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common kind of cancer in children. T-ALL, a subtype that resembles T-lymphocytes, can be treated successfully...

24.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Researchers develop a "quick and easy" Covid-19 test for population screening with simple means

Scientists from the Vienna BioCenter have pushed SARS-CoV-2 detection to a new level. Their approach is as sensitive and robust, yet cheaper, simpler and faster to implement than conventional tests. 'bead-LAMP' and 'HomeDip-LAMP' could be game-changers for population-wide screening, especially in disadvantaged environments, such as developing countries.

Global endeavours to fight the Covid-19 pandemic heavily rely on accurate, fast and frequent tests for the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 – “test, test, test”, as the...

24.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

The tricks of the immune system: How the T-cell response changes in chronic virus infections

More than half of the world's population is infected with the cytomegalovirus. The majority of people don't even notice the infection, since their immune systems keep the virus in check. Groups of T cells with a variety of virus-specific receptors play a key role in this process. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have analyzed their interactions in detail for the first time. The results could be useful for future therapies against infections and cancer.

"The COVID-19 pandemic clearly demonstrates the importance of understanding how the immune system reacts to virus infections," says Dr. Kilian Schober.

23.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Catalyzing a green future

A metal organic framework (MOF)-based water splitting photocatalyst, developed at KAUST, has brought researchers a step closer to generating clean hydrogen fuel using sunlight.

"Using solar energy to efficiently make green fuels is the ultimate goal for many catalysis researchers," says Jorge Gascon, director of the KAUST Catalysis...

23.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

New approach for a biological programming language

New findings by researchers led by TU Graz computer scientists Wolfgang Maass and Robert Legenstein on neural information processing in the brain could enable more efficient AI methods.

Specifically, the researchers have succeeded in mathematically modelling the emergence and interaction between so-called "assemblies".

23.06.2020 | nachricht Read more

Fluorocarbon bonds are no match for light-powered nanocatalyst

Rice U. lab unveils catalyst that can break problematic C-F bonds

Rice University engineers have created a light-powered catalyst that can break the strong chemical bonds in fluorocarbons, a group of synthetic materials that...

23.06.2020 | nachricht Read more
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Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: The spin state story: Observation of the quantum spin liquid state in novel material

New insight into the spin behavior in an exotic state of matter puts us closer to next-generation spintronic devices

Aside from the deep understanding of the natural world that quantum physics theory offers, scientists worldwide are working tirelessly to bring forth a...

Im Focus: Excitation of robust materials

Kiel physics team observed extremely fast electronic changes in real time in a special material class

In physics, they are currently the subject of intensive research; in electronics, they could enable completely new functions. So-called topological materials...

Im Focus: Electrons in the fast lane

Solar cells based on perovskite compounds could soon make electricity generation from sunlight even more efficient and cheaper. The laboratory efficiency of these perovskite solar cells already exceeds that of the well-known silicon solar cells. An international team led by Stefan Weber from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz has found microscopic structures in perovskite crystals that can guide the charge transport in the solar cell. Clever alignment of these "electron highways" could make perovskite solar cells even more powerful.

Solar cells convert sunlight into electricity. During this process, the electrons of the material inside the cell absorb the energy of the light....

Im Focus: The lightest electromagnetic shielding material in the world

Empa researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range – and they are unrivalled in terms of weight.

Electric motors and electronic devices generate electromagnetic fields that sometimes have to be shielded in order not to affect neighboring electronic...

Im Focus: Gentle wall contact – the right scenario for a fusion power plant

Quasi-continuous power exhaust developed as a wall-friendly method on ASDEX Upgrade

A promising operating mode for the plasma of a future power plant has been developed at the ASDEX Upgrade fusion device at Max Planck Institute for Plasma...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

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