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Parenteral controlled drug delivery is of crucial importance for the pharmacotherapy of many diseases (e.g. breast and prostate cancer, local inflammation). By means of controlled release systems it is possible to decrease the frequency of administration (from hours to months), to increase drug efficiency and to decrease side effects. Direct Injectable OleoGels (DIOGs) and In Situ Forming OleoGels (ISFOGs) were developed as new, biodegradable and lipid based formulations for parenteral controlled release applications. Both formulations have many advantages in terms of manufacturability, rheological properties and release control compared to the currently used drug delivery systems.
Yellow mosaic virus disease leads to substantial losses - up to 50 % of the yield - in susceptible barley varieties (Hordeum vulgare). The disease is caused by different strains of Barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV) and Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV). It cannot be cured by chemical treatment. The present invention provides a new recessive resistance gene. Variants of the gene lead to resistance against all agents known to cause yellow mosaic virus disease in Europe.
The Technology provides a new and outstanding method for the enhancement of the
quality of dim images. Inspired by the spatial integration of visual information in
nocturnal insects, the algorithm successfully enhances the contrast and brightness of
dim images and removes noise while preserving fine details and object contours. The
patented system is applicable to field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) or image
processors, which offer parallel computing capabilities. A wide variety of capabilities
and markets from automotive sector to the enhancement of diagnostic images can be
Researchers from the University of Oldenburg, Germany, developed a laser cantilever anemometer (LCA) which utilizes the laser pointer principle of a scanning-force microscope to capture the velocity and the angle of fluid flows.
The Carl von Ossietzky University in Oldenburg, Germany, developed a method which markedly improved the quantitative determination of hydrogen. A so-called TPR is conducted by coupling a flame ionization detector (FID) to a methanizer. Adding a certain amount of carbon monoxide (CO) and an excess amount of hydrogen immediately upstream of the FID, CO will react with hydrogen to yield methane. Methane produces a FID signal which is proportional to the amount of hydrogen in the sample.
As yet there has been no satisfactory and easy method to determine the concentrations of substances dissolved in liquid product flows. Previous methods using sensors were not sufficiently reliable and not designed for flow-through systems. Or they required that the analyte whose concentration was to be determined was already known. The device according to invention makes it easy to determine the analyte in a liquid phase both qualitatively and quantitatively.
The Carl von Ossietzky University in Oldenburg, Germany, developed a method which serves the purpose of identifying and quantifying substances (proteins, amino acids, drug constituents) in solution.
Researchers at the University of Oldenburg have developed a flap for wind turbine generators which is mounted parallel to the main rotor blade and is considerably smaller in its size and mass than the main blade. The core piece of the invention is the adjustable pitch of the flap. The flap's pitch as well as its distance to the main blade can be swiftly adjusted to actual wind variations by means of a control unit or adaptive mechanics, thus assuring an optimal airflow at the site of the main rotor. The flap adjustment unit is able to consider the position of the main blade, the actual rotor rotation speed, and the actual wind speed. A purely mechanical adaptive pitch adjustment is also in a state of planning.
The newly developed method improves the monitoring and control process for beam welding. In contrast to most
commonly used methods, the new monitoring process is root sided, i. e. it takes place on the back part of the
workpiece. Furthermore, the invention describes a monitoring device optimized for beam welding. Beam welding
using the invention avoids incomplete fusion at the weld interface and increases the stability of the weld joint.
Method for reducing cross-talk / interference: The optimal utilization of the available frequency bands plays an important role in the transmission of messages. In frequency multiplexing, sub-frequency bands are allocated to individual communication channels, which are usually completely independent of each other. In practice, however, there is cross-talk, that is, in a channel, signals from the two adjacent channels are also received. Thus, the received signal is composed of useful signal and interference signal. The aim of the present invention is to compensate for the interfering signal component. This is particularly important when the intensity of the adjacent channel signals and thus the interference signal which they contribute are greater than the actual useful signal (adjacent channel interference problem).
Charge flow frequency converters are used when especially small electrical currents must be measured. Usually, the integrator and the comparator are connected in series. The improved method can be used anywhere where very small currents of both polarities with high dynamics are measured.
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Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...
So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too
What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...
At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...