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The invention provides novel lithium salts of pentafluorophenylamide, in particular, lithium pentafluorophenyl (trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (Li-PFTFSI). Li-PFTFSI has improved thermal stability and ion mobility compared to known lithium salts.
These characteristics make Li-PFTFSI desirable for use as electrolytes in lithium ion batteries.
The newly developed method aims at producing small gratings on different materials, especially on glass surfaces, by ablating small amounts of material. The gratings can be small enough to form patterns with a diffractive effect causing the material to schiller in different colors.
Immunization is an important tool to fight diseases caused by viral, bacterial or fungal pathogenes. The invention provides a new approach for the generation of oligomeric vaccines. The underlying principle is the high affinity interaction between S-protein and a modified S-tag of bovine pancreatic RNase A which is applied to hemagglutinin (H5). The technology can be applied to produce high molecular vaccines. They have many advantages compared to recently used vaccines including high immunogenicity, high stability, short production time and lower production costs. The approach could therefore be used for the immunization of livestock.
Traditional battery materials, e. g. for Li-ion batteries are brittle, thus not suitable for high capacity flexible batteries. Rigid organic redox polymer batteries have low volumetric energy and power density.
Using a new colloid consisting, of redox pol-ymer and graphene oxide that is trans-formed into reduced graphene oxide during preparation, thickness scalable cathodic and anodic battery materials reaching 1.3 mAh/cm2 for flexible and at least 21 mAh/cm2 for rigid materials are available. The new technologa offers the following advantages:
higher capacities materials for flexible batteries,
scalability 1 20 mAh/cm2,
tailord redox-potential and
"Q-primers" are ammonium compounds, which make it possible to permanently functionalize virtually any surface. It is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective process that allows the production of ultra-thin layers and an "on demand" functionalization. The carrier quat primer can be equipped with any functional groups so that an universally applicable strategy for the modification of surfaces is now available.
This innovative carbonization process of carbon precursor fibers creates in a fast and energy saving manner carbon fibers (CF) which are highly porous (small pore diameters from 0.1 to 10 nm) and have a high surface area (100 to 2500 m2/g). The pyrolysis step needs only minutes or even seconds.
No additional additives like pore-providing templates, catalytic compounds or corrosive liquids are required. However, filler materials like pigments, dyes, graphene nanoplatelets or metal- and semiconductor nanoparticles can be admixed to vary the performance of the produced carbon fibers, e.g. to increase electrical conductivity. Overall, this technology combines conventional carbonization and activation treatments into one process and is more economical by saving time, costs and resources compared to already known thermal carbonization methods.
Applications of carbon fibers are known in the art. Electric applications like super caps and electrodes or filtration and adsorption for gas, water and solvent purification might be preferable.
A herbal remedy is effective against the Ebola virus. The natural compound silvestrol reduces the number of pathogens in infected cells. Also the production of virulent proteins is largely suppressed if the natural substance is used.
Parenteral controlled drug delivery is of crucial importance for the pharmacotherapy of many diseases (e.g. breast and prostate cancer, local inflammation). By means of controlled release systems it is possible to decrease the frequency of administration (from hours to months), to increase drug efficiency and to decrease side effects. The problem is solved by providing Direct Injectable Polymer Solutions (DIPOs) which act as a depot after administration. Their polarity and degradation rate is adjustable. They are much less acidic compared to PLA/PLGA polymers.
Dendrimers are spherical, highly branched polymers used in the fields of drug delivery and drug targeting, DNA/RNA delivery, imaging, protein labelling, protein crosslinking and protein separation, coagulation inhibition, and surface, cell and tissue recognition. They are also used as macroamphiphiles and catalyst supports. All previously existing dendrimers require special, branched and partially protected or polyreactive building blocks for their synthesis. A disadvantage is the limited range of dendrimers with varying structures that can be produced, and the concentration to few dendron forming functional groups.
The new technology offers the possibility of synthesising dendrimers with almost any combination of branch lengths, degree of branching, internal and terminal groups. This is achieved by means of multiple iterative multicomponent reactions, e.g. with acidic, alkaline, hydrophilic, lipophilic, sugar and other functional groups.
DNA assembly methods such as such as Gibson and Golden Gate cloning are basic tools for synthetic biology. Both methods allow assembly of constructs from multiple DNA fragments in a one-pot one-step assembly reaction. Standardization of parts is another essential element of modern synthetic biology. A novel method has been developed to assemble constructs from several individual DNA parts - each kept on a solid carrier - directly in a one-pot one-step reaction.
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Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
High-precision measurement of the g-factor eleven times more precise than before / Results indicate a strong similarity between protons and antiprotons
The magnetic moment of an individual proton is inconceivably small, but can still be quantified. The basis for undertaking this measurement was laid over ten...
Computer simulation shows how the icy moon heats water in a porous rock core
Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the “engine” for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that...
The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...