This section of innovations-reports examines the latest scientific findings in the fields of social sciences as it relates to globalization, demographic change and equal opportunity. Controversially discussed and thoroughly researched, we track current discussions detailed in studies, publications and announcements from renowned organizations and institutes. We address unsolved issues within key topics such as globalization, equal opportunity and demographic change, which are of paramount interest regarding their impact to society and the individual.
Globalization, a meanwhile overused expression, refers to the worldwide integration of economies, politics, society, culture and environment . Globalization, equal opportunity and demographic change are phenomena that mean different things to different people the world over. Some scientists view globalization as a process that began with the first species of man. Others date globalization back to the 15th century as European conquerors fanned out across the world. Still others accept it as a tide that was initiated at the beginning of World War II.
The fact is, globalization has transformed the planets into a village affecting all parts of life. The far-reaching structural transformation of overall society triggered by globalization has positive as well as negative impacts. The world continues to be divided into industrial, emerging and developing countries as globalization spreads. Globalization also means mobility and the opening up of national identities. Globalization is the sharing of common global challenges as illustrated by demographic change and equal opportunity. While some welcome globalization as economic progress, others dismiss globalization as neoliberalism.
Demographic change is the new challenge facing society. The post-World War II baby boom generation is aging and a new one is not on the horizon. In Germany, demographic change is viewed as a social, economic and cultural threat. Experts predict that demographic change will shrink Germany's population by 7 million by the middle of the century. The impact of an aging population on society is illustrated by the limits of growth. Structural transformation, redistribution, economic collapse, job exodus: demographic change and the forthcoming population declines will force societies to drastically restructure and reshape. Demographic change will also give momentum to globalization and equal opportunity.
While all of the signs so far point to "big", will demographic change acquire a new modesty? Demographic change and globalization are tightly interleaved. Calls are being made for demographic change and its already entrenched realities to be resolved at the highest level of decision making and understood as a non-partisan challenge for the present and future.
No one accepts discrimination. Regarding the gender question, equal opportunity for minorities and abolishing discrimination based on ethnic or ideological traits, equal opportunity and the equal opportunity legislation introduced in 2006 have established benchmarks. The question is, has this already led to a well-established mindset of equal opportunity among the population? And is equal opportunity actually being practiced in business, politics and society against the backdrop of globalization?
We are reminded that if the pursuance of equal opportunity is left to those who hold the power in society, then equal opportunity for women in the workplace will make hardly any progress worth mentioning. Equal opportunity and demographic change is not a generational question. The obligations that equal opportunity will impose on all societal forces, how individuals can contribute to equal opportunity and how equal opportunity can be realized within the context of globalization and demographic change - all of these issues will continue to keep us in suspense.
This area deals with the latest developments in the field of empirical and theoretical research as it relates to the structure and function of institutes and systems, their social interdependence and how such systems interact with individual behavior processes.
innovations-report offers informative reports and articles related to the social sciences field including demographic developments, family and career issues, geriatric research, conflict research, generational studies and criminology research.
University of Washington14.06.2013 | Read more
Fraunhofer-Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO24.04.2013 | Read more
University of Utah16.04.2013 | Read more
University of Arizona26.03.2013 | Read more
University of Pennsylvania14.03.2013 | Read more
University of Otago18.02.2013 | Read more
Universität Bielefeld13.02.2013 | Read more
University of Michigan31.01.2013 | Read more
University of Gothenburg30.01.2013 | Read more
Schwedischer Forschungsrat - The Swedish Research Council28.01.2013 | Read more
Schwedischer Forschungsrat - The Swedish Research Council17.01.2013 | Read more
Schwedischer Forschungsrat - The Swedish Research Council12.11.2012 | Read more
American Friends of Tel Aviv University07.11.2012 | Read more
Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology05.11.2012 | Read more
Malaysian Industry‑Government Group for High Technology02.11.2012 | Read more
Schwedischer Forschungsrat - The Swedish Research Council30.10.2012 | Read more
University of Missouri-Columbia05.10.2012 | Read more
Toyohashi University of Technology26.09.2012 | Read more
National Academy of Sciences26.09.2012 | Read more
University of Gothenburg18.09.2012 | Read more
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society13.09.2012 | Read more
Improved methods for breaking down cellulose nanofibers are central to cost-effective biofuel production.
Improved methods for breaking down cellulose nanofibers are central to cost-effective biofuel production and the subject of new research from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC). Scientists are investigating the unique properties of crystalline cellulose nanofibers to develop novel chemical pretreatments and designer ...
The protein mSYD1 has a key function in transmitting information between neurons. This was recently discovered by the research group of Prof Peter Scheiffele at the Biozentrum, University of Basel. The findings of the investigations have been published in the scientific journal “Neuron”.
Synapses are the most important sites of information transfer between neurons. The functioning of our brain is based on the ability of the synapses to release neurotransmitter substances in a fraction of a second, so that neuronal signals can be rapidly propagated and integrated.
Peter Scheiffele’s team has now identified ...
An international team of scientists has succeeded in determining the binding energies of exotic atomic nuclei by use of a multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometer.
As reported in the journal Nature, important conclusions about the nature of the forces between the protons and neutrons in nuclei can be drawn by comparing the experimental results and new theoretical values. The difficult measurements were made possible by an extension to the precision experiment ISOLTRAP at the European ...
- Biological fermentation process converts CO and CO2 into bioethanol and platform chemicals
- Process uses energy contained in steel plant off-gases
- Ten-year co-operation to develop and market integrated environmental solutions for the steel industry worldwide
Siemens Metals Technologies and LanzaTech have signed a ten-year co-operation agreement to develop and market integrated environmental solutions for the steel industry worldwide. The collaboration will utilize the ground-breaking fermentation technology developed by LanzaTech transforming carbon-rich off-gases generated by the steel industry into low carbon bioethanol and other platform chemicals. ...
Novel application of 3D printing could enable the development of miniaturized medical implants, compact electronics, tiny robots, and more
3D printing can now be used to print lithium-ion microbatteries the size of a grain of sand. The printed microbatteries could supply electricity to tiny devices in fields from medicine to communications, including many that have lingered on lab benches for lack of a battery small enough to fit the ...
20.06.2013 | Life Sciences
20.06.2013 | Materials Sciences
20.06.2013 | Materials Sciences
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10.06.2013 | Event News