More than 50 percent of the world’s population currently lives in cities. United Nations experts expect that number to rise to 75 percent by 2050. Most notably in Asia, but above all in China, city living is rapidly growing in importance.
The management consultancy McKinsey & Company estimates that some 350 million people will have left the provinces for the cities by 2025. Today’s cities must prepare themselves for this influx if they are to succeed as the metropolises of tomorrow. With the BAU Congress China, the Chinese construction industry finally has its own platform for responding to the increasing demand for sustainable and environmentally friendly construction solutions.
The Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance, which brings together 17 Fraunhofer Institutes, has cooperated closely with the BAU trade fair in Munich for many years. On July 8 – 9, the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance will present innovative developments for the cities of tomorrow at booth C05 at the National Convention Center in Beijing, along with the German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB) and industry partners. The focus will be on future-oriented city development, quality in construction and sustainable building.
Most of the fastest growing and most innovative future markets are located in Asia. Tremendous economic growth in China is driving extreme construction activity nationwide. With no end to the trend in sight, more and more Chinese are moving away from the countryside and into cities, which means that building is not limited to just individual homes – whole neighborhoods and settlements are being built. Such rapid growth leads not only to problems with quality and poor workmanship, but also building faults, unhealthy indoor climates and unnecessarily high energy consumption. The building boom in China brings with it a high demand for new building materials, building components and building systems as well as a need for new planning processes and production techniques. The demand for quality is also rising progressively.
As a central point of contact for integrated system solutions in the planning and construction sector, the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance brings together the expertise and resources of 17 research institutes in the area of construction. Numerous international projects – including some in China – and the appreciation of its position as interface between industry, research and politics makes the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance an attractive partner for both the Chinese construction industry and for political decision-makers in questions of urban development and planning.
Associated research in Foshan New City
As the coordinating institute for the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance, the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics IBP is involved in projects such as the development of Foshan New City in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong. Currently, two office towers are rising into the sky as a flagship project for sustainable building. Until 2016, a team of researchers from the hygrothermics and indoor climate departments will be accompanying the project at all stages of its development – starting with the architectural competition and including the planning process, commissioning and determination of the building’s future energy consumption. The researchers will first validate and verify the results from the individual planning phases; later, they will evaluate the entire planning process with a view to results-oriented and integrated planning. The building is to be designed to meet the requirements for certification under the Chinese evaluation standards for green buildings. This evaluation system is comparable to the seal of approval from the German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB). This has motivated the researchers to compare both systems in practice and to implement some criteria from the DGNB system.
Innovative solutions for more comfort and energy efficiency
In addition to energy efficiency and sustainability, an essential aspect of urban development is comfort. This includes a pleasant and healthy indoor climate. Off-the-shelf air conditioning units often consume high amounts of energy and produce drafts or accompanying noises. An alternative would be a cooling fountain, which Fraunhofer IBP and the company Imtech will showcase at the BAU Congress China. This new type of surface cooling system pleasantly cools using natural radiant cooling and simultaneously dehumidifies the air. The water also binds dust and pollen from the air. The result is energy-efficient indoor air conditioning, and the water removed from the air – several hundred liters per month – could be used for instance for watering plants.
Visitors can learn more about the German sustainability certification, prefabricated modular façade systems and urban development systems at the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance and DGNB shared exhibition stand.
As Fraunhofer IBP’s representative, Dr. Hartwig Künzel, head of the hygrothermics department, will give a lecture called “City of tomorrow – balancing comfort requirements and energy supply” at 11:15 on Tuesday, July 8. Dr. Künzel will also participate in the subsequent panel discussion “Future planning: environmental building solutions.”
Kommunikation | Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Modular safety concept increases flexibility in plant conversion
22.03.2018 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI
Alliance „OLED Licht Forum“ – Key partner for OLED lighting solutions
21.03.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Organische Elektronik, Elektronenstrahl- und Plasmatechnik FEP
Satellites in near-Earth orbit are at risk due to the steady increase in space debris. But their mission in the areas of telecommunications, navigation or weather forecasts is essential for society. Fraunhofer FHR therefore develops radar-based systems which allow the detection, tracking and cataloging of even the smallest particles of debris. Satellite operators who have access to our data are in a better position to plan evasive maneuvers and prevent destructive collisions. From April, 25-29 2018, Fraunhofer FHR and its partners will exhibit the complementary radar systems TIRA and GESTRA as well as the latest radar techniques for space observation across three stands at the ILA Berlin.
The "traffic situation" in space is very tense: the Earth is currently being orbited not only by countless satellites but also by a large volume of space...
An international team of researchers has discovered a new anti-cancer protein. The protein, called LHPP, prevents the uncontrolled proliferation of cancer cells in the liver. The researchers led by Prof. Michael N. Hall from the Biozentrum, University of Basel, report in “Nature” that LHPP can also serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of liver cancer.
The incidence of liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma, is steadily increasing. In the last twenty years, the number of cases has almost doubled...
In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.
Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...
Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.
They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...
A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...
23.03.2018 | Event News
19.03.2018 | Event News
16.03.2018 | Event News
23.03.2018 | Materials Sciences
23.03.2018 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
23.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy