Iron oxide nanoparticles are described for usage in therapeutic hyperthermia as well as for magnetic particle imaging and spectroscopy (MPI, MPS). Application of those particles in hyperthermia therapy (injection into tumor cells and exposure to an alternating magnetic field to damage tumor cells) is well known whereas MPI is a quite new tomographic imaging technique based on the non-linear magnetization behavior of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs). So far it is clear that MPI will have potential for many different diagnostic applications but it is still lacking appropriate SPIO tracers to achieve and guarantee the best possible image quality.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> The newly synthesized SPIO tracer for MPI according to this invention are assumed to have properties that guarantee a very well image quality and moreover enable them to be used in various biological systems and therewith in preclinical and clinical development. The SPIOs are provided as magnetic particle dispersion comprising single- or multi-core nanoparticles of iron oxides like magnetite and/or maghemite. For in vivo applications and stabilization the particles are coated with a biocompatible shell, preferably a polymer. In first experiments the dispersions showed an improved nonlinear magnetization behavior and a distinctive overtone structure that are clearly superior to SPIOs known in the state of the art so far. Moreover these SPIOs show improved heating properties when subjected to an alternating magnetic field. The proposed SPIO dispersions are suitable for applications in MPI, MRS, MRI, hyperthermia therapy, cell tracking and diagnosis of tumors, cardiovascular-, bone marrow-, lymph node- or liver diseases. <br> <br>
firstname.lastname@example.org | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
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Controlling electronic current is essential to modern electronics, as data and signals are transferred by streams of electrons which are controlled at high speed. Demands on transmission speeds are also increasing as technology develops. Scientists from the Chair of Laser Physics and the Chair of Applied Physics at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have succeeded in switching on a current with a desired direction in graphene using a single laser pulse within a femtosecond ¬¬ – a femtosecond corresponds to the millionth part of a billionth of a second. This is more than a thousand times faster compared to the most efficient transistors today.
Graphene is up to the job
At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.
Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
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