Agents against common colds, SARS and other coronaviral diseases
Human coronaviruses (HcoV) are the major cause of diseases of the upper respiratory tract in humans. Apart from the common cold these include e.g. the life-threatening severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), that, originating in China, has appeared in other parts of the world with a mortality rate of 15%. A key enzyme for the replication cycle of the coronavirus is the HcoV proteinase Mpro. The functional relevance of Mpro makes it an attractive target for the development of drugs against SARS and other coronaviral diseases.
The present invention relates to a group of anticoronaviral agents whose functional mechanism is based on the specific blockade of the substrate binding site of HCoV Mpro. In vitro test systems have shown the substances according to the invention to be highly effective against several coronaviruses.
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