Therapy of type 2 diabetes aims at reducing the chronically increased glucose level in the blood as well as improving the existing insulin resistance. Oral antidiabetic drugs that have been currently available so far are problematic and not satisfactory in every respect. Blood glucose levels can be decreased in patients with manifested type 2 diabetes by administration of sulfonyl-urea/metformin or insulin. However, such treatment is associated with a high risk of hypoglycaemia. In addition, sulfonylureas are associated with an increased risk of mortality, in particular when combined with metformin. DPP-4 inhibitors have a low risk of hypoglycaemia, but merely lead to a slight improvement of the HbA1c-value compared to metformin. Further, there is no long-term evidence as to tolerability and mortality. Most long-term experiences are available for metformin. It is particularly effective in overweight diabetics and reduces diabetes complications and mortality by about 30%. However, monotherapy is typically effective only in the beginning of the treatment. Morphinan-derivatives have been known as medicaments for many years. The compounds have shown only minor adverse events upon long term administration and thus, are generally well tolerated.
firstname.lastname@example.org | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
New Lithium Salts of Pentafluorophenylamide Anions as Electrolytes in Lithium Ionic Batteries
18.04.2017 | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Gratings on glass surfaces
28.03.2017 | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the “engine” for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that...
The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
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