High-performance LEDs typically have a lens positioned right on top of the emitting surface. With this lens it is possible to emit more light from the LED. Unfortunately, this lens also prohibits attaching an optical component directly to the LED. Typical LEDs have a very broad solid angle of emission whereas waveguides typically have only a very small acceptance angle for light to be coupled into it. Therefore the coupling efficiency between an LED and a waveguide decreases as the distance between the components increases.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> We offer improved coupling efficiency by using a sleeve between the LED and the waveguide. This sleeve has an inner reflective surface in the shape of a truncated cone, allowing more light to be coupled into the waveguide, thereby increasing the coupling efficiency. A further advantage is that the position of the lens right above the LED can be varied relative to the sleeve, so that the divergence and intensity at the distal end of the waveguide can be adjusted and optimized as desired. The lens and sleeve are separate components which can be positioned relative to each other during the fabrication process. <br><br>
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Microarray to determine responsiveness of tumors to antiangiogenic treatment
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Peltier Adsorption Trap
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In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
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