Branched-Chain-Aminotransferase-1 (BCAT1) as diagnostic marker for tumors and mutations of Isocitrate-Dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) and IDH2. Researchers at DKFZ developed an immunohistochemical assay to classify tumors based on differences in the metabolism of branched chain amino acids. In brain tumors the assay distinguishes tumors harboring mutations in either the IDH1 or IDH2 genes or both from tumors with wild type IDH1 and IDH2 genes. This way the IDH1 status and activity of branched chain amino acid metabolism can be determined using tissue slides. The specificity of the immunohistochemical lDH1 and IDH2 status analysis is significantly increased from about 92% in known methods to 100% in our method. The assay allows the fast and reliable diagnostic and prognostic classification of tumors based on the activity of branched chain amino acid metabolism.
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DKFZ (German Cancer Research Center, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum)
Phone: +49-6221-42 2955
Dr. Ruth Herzog
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