In 2012, the number of male professors amounted to 43,900, while that of female professors was only 9,000.
At today's press conference on "Heading for gender equality? Education, employment and social matters - differences in the situation of women and men", Roderich Egeler, President of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), stated that 20% of the professor posts at German institutions of higher education were held by women. He underlined, however, that a comparison of the relevant structures showed a strong trend in favour of women in the past ten years. In 2002, the relevant proportion had been only 12%.
As a matter of fact, the higher the level of academic profession, the smaller the proportion of women at German institutions of higher education. While, in 2012, nearly half of the first semester students and graduates were female, the proportion of women pursuing a doctoral degree was only 45% and that of women with a post-doctoral lecturing qualification 27%.
The phenomenon of higher positions seldom being held by women occurs not only at institutions of higher education. Women are underrepresented in senior positions in private business and public administration, too. In 2012, their proportion was only 29%.
In Germany, the gender pay gap continues to be high - also in comparison to other European countries. Since first calculations were made in 1995, the difference in the average gross hourly earnings has remained almost unchanged (over 20%). In 2013, the gender pay gap was 22%.
Roderich Egeler mentioned a number of other issues to describe the different situation of women and men in Germany from a statistical perspective:
• Starting a family and caring for children have a strong impact on women's employment. Only 32% of mothers with a child under the age of three were actively employed in 2012. The labour force participation of mothers increases with the increasing age of the child. The employment rate of fathers was permanently between 82% and 85%, irrespective of the child's age.
• Part-time work is more common among mothers than among fathers. In 2012, 69% of working mothers who had a minor child worked part time. The relevant proportion of fathers was only 6%. There were different reasons for part-time work. 81% of mothers working part time reduced their working hours for personal or family reasons, while fathers reduced their hours of work mainly because they did not find a full-time job (39%).
• Child care is mostly the responsibility of mothers: As a matter of fact, mothers received parental allowance for 96% of the children born in 2012, while fathers were beneficiaries regarding not more than 29% of those children. However, the proportion of fathers has increased continuously in the recent past. In 2009, fathers received parental allowance for not more than 24% of the newborn children. Though, generally, the proportion of fathers has increased, the periods over which they receive parental allowance have become shorter. While the average period of receipt was 3.5 months for children born in 2009, it was only 3.2 months in 2012.
• The indicators of poverty and social exclusion, too, show differences between the genders. In 2012, 21.5% of women and only 18.2% of men aged 18 and over were affected by poverty or social exclusion in Germany.
• Both the lower labour force participation and smaller income of women create a situation where more female pensioners living alone have to get by on a low net income (below 900 euros). In 2012, one quarter (25%) of women and only 16% of men aged 65 and over lived in such circumstances.
For detailed results please refer to the press conference material and supplementary tables at www.destatis.de -> Presse -> Pressekonferenzen.
For further information: Press Office of the Federal Statistical Office,
tel: (+49-611) 75-3444,
Press Office | Statistisches Bundesamt
Institutions of higher education spent more than Euro 46 billion in 2013
07.05.2015 | Statistisches Bundesamt
138,500 Germans studied abroad in 2012
05.12.2014 | Statistisches Bundesamt
The only professorship in Germany to date, one master's programme, one laboratory with worldwide unique equipment and the corresponding research results: The University of Würzburg is leading in the field of biofabrication.
Paul Dalton is presently the only professor of biofabrication in Germany. About a year ago, the Australian researcher relocated to the Würzburg department for...
Physicists have developed an innovative method that could enable the efficient use of nanocomponents in electronic circuits. To achieve this, they have developed a layout in which a nanocomponent is connected to two electrical conductors, which uncouple the electrical signal in a highly efficient manner. The scientists at the Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel have published their results in the scientific journal “Nature Communications” together with their colleagues from ETH Zurich.
Electronic components are becoming smaller and smaller. Components measuring just a few nanometers – the size of around ten atoms – are already being produced...
Development and implementation of an advanced automobile parking navigation platform for parking services
To fulfill the requirements of the industry, PolyU researchers developed the Advanced Automobile Parking Navigation Platform, which includes smart devices,...
The world's first electrical car and passenger ferry powered by batteries has entered service in Norway. The ferry only uses 150 kWh per route, which...
On Tuesday, 19 May 2015 the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its home port in Bremerhaven, setting a course for the Arctic. Led by Dr Ilka Peeken from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) a team of 53 researchers from 11 countries will investigate the effects of climate change in the Arctic, from the surface ice floes down to the seafloor.
RV Polarstern will enter the sea-ice zone north of Spitsbergen. Covering two shallow regions on their way to deeper waters, the scientists on board will focus...
20.05.2015 | Event News
18.05.2015 | Event News
12.05.2015 | Event News
27.05.2015 | Health and Medicine
26.05.2015 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation
26.05.2015 | Life Sciences