Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Increasing proportion of women working in science - ...

30.07.2014

In 2012, the number of male professors amounted to 43,900, while that of female professors was only 9,000.

At today's press conference on "Heading for gender equality? Education, employment and social matters - differences in the situation of women and men", Roderich Egeler, President of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), stated that 20% of the professor posts at German institutions of higher education were held by women. He underlined, however, that a comparison of the relevant structures showed a strong trend in favour of women in the past ten years. In 2002, the relevant proportion had been only 12%.

As a matter of fact, the higher the level of academic profession, the smaller the proportion of women at German institutions of higher education. While, in 2012, nearly half of the first semester students and graduates were female, the proportion of women pursuing a doctoral degree was only 45% and that of women with a post-doctoral lecturing qualification 27%. 

The phenomenon of higher positions seldom being held by women occurs not only at institutions of higher education. Women are underrepresented in senior positions in private business and public administration, too. In 2012, their proportion was only 29%.

In Germany, the gender pay gap continues to be high - also in comparison to other European countries. Since first calculations were made in 1995, the difference in the average gross hourly earnings has remained almost unchanged (over 20%). In 2013, the gender pay gap was 22%. 

Roderich Egeler mentioned a number of other issues to describe the different situation of women and men in Germany from a statistical perspective:

• Starting a family and caring for children have a strong impact on women's employment. Only 32% of mothers with a child under the age of three were actively employed in 2012. The labour force participation of mothers increases with the increasing age of the child. The employment rate of fathers was permanently between 82% and 85%, irrespective of the child's age.
• Part-time work is more common among mothers than among fathers. In 2012, 69% of working mothers who had a minor child worked part time. The relevant proportion of fathers was only 6%. There were different reasons for part-time work. 81% of mothers working part time reduced their working hours for personal or family reasons, while fathers reduced their hours of work mainly because they did not find a full-time job (39%).
• Child care is mostly the responsibility of mothers: As a matter of fact, mothers received parental allowance for 96% of the children born in 2012, while fathers were beneficiaries regarding not more than 29% of those children. However, the proportion of fathers has increased continuously in the recent past. In 2009, fathers received parental allowance for not more than 24% of the newborn children. Though, generally, the proportion of fathers has increased, the periods over which they receive parental allowance have become shorter. While the average period of receipt was 3.5 months for children born in 2009, it was only 3.2 months in 2012.
• The indicators of poverty and social exclusion, too, show differences between the genders. In 2012, 21.5% of women and only 18.2% of men aged 18 and over were affected by poverty or social exclusion in Germany.
• Both the lower labour force participation and smaller income of women create a situation where more female pensioners living alone have to get by on a low net income (below 900 euros). In 2012, one quarter (25%) of women and only 16% of men aged 65 and over lived in such circumstances.

For detailed results please refer to the press conference material and supplementary tables at www.destatis.de  -> Presse -> Pressekonferenzen.

For further information: Press Office of the Federal Statistical Office,
tel: (+49-611) 75-3444,
www.destatis.de/contact

Press Office | Statistisches Bundesamt

Further reports about: Education Statistical difference differences female income parental structures women

More articles from Statistics:

nachricht Institutions of higher education spent more than Euro 48 billion in 2014
19.05.2016 | Statistisches Bundesamt

nachricht Microtechnology industry keen to invest and innovate
07.04.2016 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik

All articles from Statistics >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

From volcano's slope, NASA instrument looks sky high and to the future

27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences

Control of molecular motion by metal-plated 3-D printed plastic pieces

27.04.2017 | Materials Sciences

Move over, Superman! NIST method sees through concrete to detect early-stage corrosion

27.04.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>