Russia will be hit hard by demographic change, says a new UNDP-report: Substantial population ageing and decline is expected and the demographic burden of the working age population will grow. In short: Less people than today will work, but pension expenditures will rise sharply.
The situation is severed by Russia’s mortality crisis. In 2008, life expectancy at birth was nearly 62 years for men and 74 years for women. In the same year, Germany had a life expectancy at birth of 77 years for men and 82 years for women.
Thus, many people who are desperately needed as part of the Russian workforce die at a very young age. The current UN Human Development Report places Russia in terms of life expectancy 118th in the world – even behind many developing countries.
Unfortunately, Russia has failed to establish efficient control over mortality from the causes, which become prominent at this stage. The most dangerous of them are diseases of circulatory system and external causes. More than ever the Russian government and society face the demographic challenge which is among other factors related to the mortality crisis.
Researchers and politicians will discuss causes and consequences of the recent mortality developments in Russia as well as newest research findings about ageing societies of Russia and Germany at the 2nd DiaDem-Conference (www.dia-dem.de) which takes place on November 2 - 3, 2010, in Moscow.
DiaDem – German-Russian Dialogue on Demography – is a joint project of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the Institute of Demography, State University - Higher School of Economics.
Silvia Leek | idw
Geographers provide new insight into commuter megaregions of the US
01.12.2016 | Dartmouth College
Sustainable Development Goals lead to lower population growth
30.11.2016 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine
07.12.2016 | Life Sciences
07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine