Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Results of gender equality research have very limited impact on cantonal legislation

15.04.2014

Fiscal policies and social transfer measures hold the potential to improve the compatibility of paid work and family commitments. But cantonal authorities do not sufficiently consider the available knowledge. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the National Research Programme “Gender Equality” (NRP 60).

Gender equality is affected by policies in many areas, one of which is fiscal policy. Switzerland's federal system makes it difficult to fully understand the impacts of fiscal policy and social transfer mechanisms, such as social benefits, health insurance support payments and child-care subsidies on single parents or couples with children.

The regulations vary from one canton to the other. Generally, there are financial disadvantages for couples who share paid work. This is problematic both in terms of gender equality and economic policy. Coordinated fiscal policies and social transfer mechanisms hold the potential of improving the compatibility of family and paid work as well as boosting gender equality in the job market and the family.

Limited awareness of latest results

In the context of the National Research Programme "Gender Equality" (NRP 60), researchers from the University of Lucerne and the consulting firm Interface undertook a novel analysis: they wanted to know how information gained by research impacts on legislative processes in the areas of fiscal policy and social transfer mechanisms.

After analysing 60 policy changes between 2008 and 2011 and conducting structured interviews with cantonal experts, they evaluated to what degree the latest scientific insights were considered by the authorities formulating new regulations. They focused on legislative processes which influence gender equality in the sense of improving the balance of paid work and family life.

The researchers discovered that the cantonal authorities made an assessment of the impact of each policy change, although only half of these assessments focused on questions relevant to gender equality. Reports by external experts were commissioned only in 7 out of the 60 legislative processes.

In 44 cases, colleagues from other cantonal authorities were consulted. Political scientist Andreas Balthasar has identified two laws which exemplify how information relevant to gender equality can be taken into account: the law on family-support institutions in the Canton of Fribourg and the revised fiscal law in the Canton of Uri (both 2011).

Reaching out to politics

Interestingly, about half of the offices responsible for the legislative process indicated that they were aware of studies relevant to gender equality. But there is little sign that the arguments of these studies came to bear on the legislative process. On the basis of this, the researchers have concluded that scientists need to make their results more transparent and offer information geared specifically to policymakers.

In addition, they recommend that the administrative authorities participate more strongly in the legislative process, i.e. that they get involved in finding solutions and not only execute political decisions. It would also make sense if cantonal gender equality experts were consulted more frequently on legislative processes. Balthasar believes that there are approximately twenty opportunities per year to address gender equality issues at cantonal level.

Brochure
The researchers have compiled a brochure of 30 relevant studies on the subject. It is available in German and French.
www.interface-politikstudien.ch/projekt/6-argumente/

www.interface-politikstudien.ch/fr/projekt/6-arguments/

Hard copies can be ordered from the Department of Political Science of the University of Lucerne: polsem@unilu.ch

Contact
Prof Andreas Balthasar
Department of Political Science
University of Lucerne
+41 41 226 04 26
andreas.balthasar@unilu.ch

The study results and the text of this press release can be found on the website of NRP 60 (www.nfp.60 > Projects > Cluster 3 > Balthasar) as well as on the website of the Swiss National Science Foundation (http://www.snsf.ch > Research in Focus > Media > Press releases).

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.snf.ch/en/researchinFocus/newsroom/Pages/news-140415-mm-results-of-ge...
http://www.nfp60.ch/E/projects/family_private_household/gender-sensitive_family_...

Media - Abteilung Kommunikation | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

Further reports about: Foundation Interface NRP Political couples experts mechanisms processes sense

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht How network dynamics shape collaboration
25.08.2015 | Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung

nachricht Having less, giving more?
10.08.2015 | Universität Leipzig

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: OU astrophysicist and collaborators find supermassive black holes in quasar nearest Earth

A University of Oklahoma astrophysicist and his Chinese collaborator have found two supermassive black holes in Markarian 231, the nearest quasar to Earth, using observations from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.

The discovery of two supermassive black holes--one larger one and a second, smaller one--are evidence of a binary black hole and suggests that supermassive...

Im Focus: What would a tsunami in the Mediterranean look like?

A team of European researchers have developed a model to simulate the impact of tsunamis generated by earthquakes and applied it to the Eastern Mediterranean. The results show how tsunami waves could hit and inundate coastal areas in southern Italy and Greece. The study is published today (27 August) in Ocean Science, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU).

Though not as frequent as in the Pacific and Indian oceans, tsunamis also occur in the Mediterranean, mainly due to earthquakes generated when the African...

Im Focus: Self-healing landscape: landslides after earthquake

In mountainous regions earthquakes often cause strong landslides, which can be exacerbated by heavy rain. However, after an initial increase, the frequency of these mass wasting events, often enormous and dangerous, declines, in fact independently of meteorological events and aftershocks.

These new findings are presented by a German-Franco-Japanese team of geoscientists in the current issue of the journal Geology, under the lead of the GFZ...

Im Focus: FIC Proteins Send Bacteria Into Hibernation

Bacteria do not cease to amaze us with their survival strategies. A research team from the University of Basel's Biozentrum has now discovered how bacteria enter a sleep mode using a so-called FIC toxin. In the current issue of “Cell Reports”, the scientists describe the mechanism of action and also explain why their discovery provides new insights into the evolution of pathogens.

For many poisons there are antidotes which neutralize their toxic effect. Toxin-antitoxin systems in bacteria work in a similar manner: As long as a cell...

Im Focus: Fraunhofer IPA develops prototype of intelligent care cart

It comes when called, bringing care utensils with it and recording how they are used: Fraunhofer IPA is developing an intelligent care cart that provides care staff with physical and informational support in their day-to-day work. The scientists at Fraunhofer IPA have now completed a first prototype. In doing so, they are continuing in their efforts to improve working conditions in the care sector and are developing solutions designed to address the challenges of demographic change.

Technical assistance systems can improve the difficult working conditions in residential nursing homes and hospitals by helping the staff in their work and...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Networking conference in Heidelberg for outstanding mathematicians and computer scientists

20.08.2015 | Event News

Scientists meet in Münster for the world’s largest Chitin und Chitosan Conference

20.08.2015 | Event News

Large agribusiness management strategies

19.08.2015 | Event News

 
Latest News

Interstellar seeds could create oases of life

28.08.2015 | Physics and Astronomy

An ounce of prevention: Research advances on 'scourge' of transplant wards

28.08.2015 | Health and Medicine

Fish Oil-Diet Benefits May be Mediated by Gut Microbes

28.08.2015 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>