Mark A Bellis from Liverpool John Moores University and colleagues studied the results of an alcohol questionnaire given anonymously to 15-16 year old drinkers in North West England. Almost 90% admitted to drinking alcohol, of which 38% binged, 24% drank frequently and 50% drank in public.
Around a third bought their own alcohol, making them six times more likely to drink in public and more than twice as likely to binge and drink frequently than those who had alcohol bought for them. Amount of spending money, obtaining alcohol from friends, older siblings and adults outside shops were also predictors of risky drinking, according to the study published today in Online Open Access journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. Teenagers who were members of youth groups or who had alcohol bought for them by parents were more likely to drink sensibly, the study also revealed.
The authors highlight a number of potential interventions including limiting and monitoring young people’s funds, upping the cost of alcohol, providing and promoting participation in sports and social activities, and identifying and closing all retailers selling to those underage. Alcohol-related health and social problems amongst youths are an international problem, and these interventions are not expensive, complicated or difficult to implement, they say.
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Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
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Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
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In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
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