Our third Policy Brief illustrates the main findings of a professions analysis carried out by Renate Kränzl-Nagl from the European Centre and Christa Pelikan from the Institute for the Sociology of Law and Criminology.
This analysis was part of the "Evaluation Study on the Effects of the Implementation of the Children's Rights Amendment Act 2001, with Particular Reference to Joint Custody after Divorce" (commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Justice). The possibility of joint custody has been introduced in the frame of the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001 (hereafter called CRAA 2001). Five years after the introduction of the CRAA 2001, this evaluation has been carried out in order to get a deeper insight on how this newly introduced legal regulations have been put into practice.
It was the primary objective of this study to gauge the professionals’ perceptions of and experience with the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001, with particular reference to joint custody after divorce. It was, therefore, the purpose of the professions analysis to reflect the “view from outside” of the effectiveness of the tools introduced by the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001, i.e. the view of those who enforce or deal with the CRAA 2001 in their professional lives, as opposed to the “view from inside”, i.e. the reality of divorced couples and their children. A substantiated analysis of the views and experience of various professional groups contributes to making the public and often controversial debate on joint custody after divorce more matter-of-fact.
Estimations made by professionals lead to the conclusion that currently, at least 50% of the parents want joint custody in Austria. This result, which was confirmed in the survey of parents points to the fact that joint custody has become “normal” and has achieved equal status with sole custody. Furthermore, the professions analysis and the interviews with the judges lead to the conclusion that the durability of joint custody is a decisive factor for both parents. The number of those who want to change joint custody is small, smaller than many of the judges thought it would be: in 2004, the judges found that between 5 and 10 parents sought to put an end to joint custody. This figure is only slightly smaller than the number of those parents seeking to transfer the sole custody right from one parent to the other. However, it must be taken into account that the latter is a rather dramatic step and mostly the outcome of an escalating fight about visiting rights.
It can be seen that the representatives of the professional groups, in particular judges, believed that joint custody stood the test rather well. But it was not always viable. It seems that parents lacking the prerequisites for a certain cooperation with and mutual acceptance of the other parent, and mostly the parents with whom the children live, slowly come to seek sole custody.
The Policy Brief is downloadable at http://www.euro.centre.org/detail.php?xml_id=804
Annette Hexelschneider | alfa
Geographers provide new insight into commuter megaregions of the US
01.12.2016 | Dartmouth College
Sustainable Development Goals lead to lower population growth
30.11.2016 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy