Our third Policy Brief illustrates the main findings of a professions analysis carried out by Renate Kränzl-Nagl from the European Centre and Christa Pelikan from the Institute for the Sociology of Law and Criminology.
This analysis was part of the "Evaluation Study on the Effects of the Implementation of the Children's Rights Amendment Act 2001, with Particular Reference to Joint Custody after Divorce" (commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Justice). The possibility of joint custody has been introduced in the frame of the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001 (hereafter called CRAA 2001). Five years after the introduction of the CRAA 2001, this evaluation has been carried out in order to get a deeper insight on how this newly introduced legal regulations have been put into practice.
It was the primary objective of this study to gauge the professionals’ perceptions of and experience with the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001, with particular reference to joint custody after divorce. It was, therefore, the purpose of the professions analysis to reflect the “view from outside” of the effectiveness of the tools introduced by the Children’s Rights Amendment Act 2001, i.e. the view of those who enforce or deal with the CRAA 2001 in their professional lives, as opposed to the “view from inside”, i.e. the reality of divorced couples and their children. A substantiated analysis of the views and experience of various professional groups contributes to making the public and often controversial debate on joint custody after divorce more matter-of-fact.
Estimations made by professionals lead to the conclusion that currently, at least 50% of the parents want joint custody in Austria. This result, which was confirmed in the survey of parents points to the fact that joint custody has become “normal” and has achieved equal status with sole custody. Furthermore, the professions analysis and the interviews with the judges lead to the conclusion that the durability of joint custody is a decisive factor for both parents. The number of those who want to change joint custody is small, smaller than many of the judges thought it would be: in 2004, the judges found that between 5 and 10 parents sought to put an end to joint custody. This figure is only slightly smaller than the number of those parents seeking to transfer the sole custody right from one parent to the other. However, it must be taken into account that the latter is a rather dramatic step and mostly the outcome of an escalating fight about visiting rights.
It can be seen that the representatives of the professional groups, in particular judges, believed that joint custody stood the test rather well. But it was not always viable. It seems that parents lacking the prerequisites for a certain cooperation with and mutual acceptance of the other parent, and mostly the parents with whom the children live, slowly come to seek sole custody.
The Policy Brief is downloadable at http://www.euro.centre.org/detail.php?xml_id=804
Annette Hexelschneider | alfa
Sibling differences: Later-borns choose less prestigious programs at university
14.11.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung
Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ
09.11.2017 | Vanderbilt University
On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...
What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...
At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...
08.01.2018 | Event News
11.12.2017 | Event News
08.12.2017 | Event News
19.01.2018 | Materials Sciences
19.01.2018 | Health and Medicine
19.01.2018 | Physics and Astronomy