Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Having few friends increases risk of disturbed sleep

17.11.2006
Having few people in your social network increases the risk of sleep disturbances, among both men and women, and thereby also heightens the risk of contracting several diseases, according to Maria Nordin in the dissertation she will be defending at Umeå University in Sweden.

Having few friends at the workplace and outside work can make you more susceptible to stress, which in turn can lead to sleep disturbances. What's more, having few friends can be experienced as stressful in itself. The dissertation is based on four studies of this phenomenon via three databases, including one on the working populations of northern Sweden.

Depression, anxiety, chronic fatigue syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases are examples of disorders that are associated with sleep disruptions. The relationship between sleep disturbances and having few friends combined with little emotional support differs somewhat between the genders.

More women than men who are not sleeping well report that they have few friends around them and experience little emotional support. Moreover the negative effects of having few friends are greater among women than men.

In men, the risk of having difficulty sleeping is tripled if they experience pressure at work and at the same time report that they have had few friends to turn to for a long period of time or that the emotional support at work, that is, confirmation and appreciation, has lessened.

People use various strategies to cope with stress they experience. One 'hidden strategy,' that is, to back off and not talk back, in a conflict with workmates seems to be able to decrease the risk of sleep disturbances among women. But women who make us of this strategy and at the same time have few friends around them run nearly four times the risk of experiencing sleep disruptions.

Therefore, it seems to be good to have many friends to turn to if you use that type of stress management, probably since you can talk things through and get help coping with stress. The same pattern is seen in men in conflict with workmates and bosses, although the effect is not as great.

Women who have few friends but at the same time apply an 'open stress management strategy,' that is, who talk back and argue directly with those they are in conflict with, are protected by that strategy from the negative effects that little network support can have on their sleep.

Disturbed sleep can also ultimately channel the negative effects of having few friends in so serious a disease as a heart attack. This has been observed among women who report that they have few friends and have had a heart attack.

Contact: Maria Nordin, Unit for Occupational and Environmental Medicine at Umeå University in Sweden, phone: +46 90-785 17 03; cell phone: +46 70-764 4335; e-mail: maria.nordin@envmed.umu.se

Title: Low Social Support and Disturbed Sleep: Epidemiological and Psychological Perspectives

Hans Fällman | idw
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Sibling differences: Later-borns choose less prestigious programs at university
14.11.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung

nachricht Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ
09.11.2017 | Vanderbilt University

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial agent designs quantum experiments

On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.

We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Thanks for the memory: NIST takes a deep look at memristors

22.01.2018 | Materials Sciences

Radioactivity from oil and gas wastewater persists in Pennsylvania stream sediments

22.01.2018 | Earth Sciences

Saarland University bioinformaticians compute gene sequences inherited from each parent

22.01.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks Wissenschaft & Forschung
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>