Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Crime­a problem for the poor

25.10.2006
It is well known that poor people are more often the victims of crime. But new research from Umeå University in Sweden shows that the poor are also more often the victims of property crimes (theft and vandalism) in the home, even though the poor have less valuable property.

“This is not because poor people often live in segregated areas or that the poor have a different life style than other people. It appears, rather, that poverty itself is the problem,” says sociologist Daniel Larsson.

In his dissertation he relates poverty to other social problems, such as unemployment, worry, and health, focusing on exposure to crime. The dissertation shows that it is very important how poverty is measured and that the most common way of measuring poverty, based on household income, is fraught with problems.

“Low income does not necessarily entail a low standard of living,” says Daniel Larsson.

Today’s low-income earners may have had a higher income previously. They might be getting economic help from family and friends or bring in money outside the Swedish tax system. The dissertation’s findings also indicate that income poverty is tied to other welfare problems only to a small degree. In the dissertation, poverty is measured as the lack of capacity to consume socially necessary goods and services.

Daniel Larsson compares the problems of poverty in Sweden with those of Finland and the UK.

“Poverty is just as widespread in Sweden as in the UK, but it is more extensive in Finland. This is a key and interesting finding since it flies in the face of earlier research based on measuring poverty in terms of household income,” says Daniel Larsson, adding that previous research has shown that poverty is more widespread in the UK, while the situation in Finland and Sweden is similar.

Moreover, exposure to crime seems to be more of a problem of poverty in Sweden than in the UK.

“In Sweden, the poor are victimized more by crime in general, whereas poor people in the UK are more exposed to property crime related to the home.”

The British fear of being victimized by crime can largely be explained by their vulnerable situation on the labor market and their economic vulnerability, which in turn generates worry. In Sweden it seems to be the case, instead, that poverty itself creates worry and fear of crime.

Karin Hertz | alfa
Further information:
http://www.diva-portal.org/umu/theses/abstract.xsql?dbid=832

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Amazingly flexible: Learning to read in your thirties profoundly transforms the brain
26.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften

nachricht Fixating on faces
26.01.2017 | California Institute of Technology

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Treating arthritis with algae

23.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Witnessing turbulent motion in the atmosphere of a distant star

23.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>