Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Crime­a problem for the poor

25.10.2006
It is well known that poor people are more often the victims of crime. But new research from Umeå University in Sweden shows that the poor are also more often the victims of property crimes (theft and vandalism) in the home, even though the poor have less valuable property.

“This is not because poor people often live in segregated areas or that the poor have a different life style than other people. It appears, rather, that poverty itself is the problem,” says sociologist Daniel Larsson.

In his dissertation he relates poverty to other social problems, such as unemployment, worry, and health, focusing on exposure to crime. The dissertation shows that it is very important how poverty is measured and that the most common way of measuring poverty, based on household income, is fraught with problems.

“Low income does not necessarily entail a low standard of living,” says Daniel Larsson.

Today’s low-income earners may have had a higher income previously. They might be getting economic help from family and friends or bring in money outside the Swedish tax system. The dissertation’s findings also indicate that income poverty is tied to other welfare problems only to a small degree. In the dissertation, poverty is measured as the lack of capacity to consume socially necessary goods and services.

Daniel Larsson compares the problems of poverty in Sweden with those of Finland and the UK.

“Poverty is just as widespread in Sweden as in the UK, but it is more extensive in Finland. This is a key and interesting finding since it flies in the face of earlier research based on measuring poverty in terms of household income,” says Daniel Larsson, adding that previous research has shown that poverty is more widespread in the UK, while the situation in Finland and Sweden is similar.

Moreover, exposure to crime seems to be more of a problem of poverty in Sweden than in the UK.

“In Sweden, the poor are victimized more by crime in general, whereas poor people in the UK are more exposed to property crime related to the home.”

The British fear of being victimized by crime can largely be explained by their vulnerable situation on the labor market and their economic vulnerability, which in turn generates worry. In Sweden it seems to be the case, instead, that poverty itself creates worry and fear of crime.

Karin Hertz | alfa
Further information:
http://www.diva-portal.org/umu/theses/abstract.xsql?dbid=832

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Amazingly flexible: Learning to read in your thirties profoundly transforms the brain
26.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften

nachricht Fixating on faces
26.01.2017 | California Institute of Technology

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Electrode materials from the microwave oven

19.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

New material for digital memories of the future

19.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

Physics boosts artificial intelligence methods

19.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>