Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New research explains why nice guys finish first

20.10.2006
New research by psychologists Charlie Hardy and Professor Mark Van Vugt at the University of Kent shows that niceness pays.

It is already acknowledged that, whether it is rescuing strangers from burning buildings, donating blood or returning a wallet found in the street, humans are among the few creatures that are generous and altruistic towards strangers.

However, Hardy and Van Vugt have discovered that within groups of strangers generous types are the most valued members of their group, with their findings showing that generous individuals receive more status, are more often picked as partners and mates, and more often appear as group leaders.

Hardy and Van Vugt examined altruism in laboratory groups in both a reputation (donations were made public) and no reputation (donations were anonymous) environment. They then looked at how fellow group members would rate each other. First they found that people donated more to the group when their donations were made public. Second, they found that altruists received greater status in their group and were more often chosen as group leaders. Finally, they found that altruists were more often chosen as partners in a follow-up task, whereas selfish individuals were being ostracized.

Hardy and Van Vugt concluded that niceness pays. ‘In a world where people can choose who they want to interact with, altruists create more opportunities for themselves than selfish people. One practical implication is that altruism in society can be fostered by encouraging people to publicly display their generosity.’

Hardy and Van Vugt are now extending their experiments to explore other aspects of what they refer to as ‘competitive altruism’, which will provide a new way of thinking about human sociality. (‘Competitive altruism’ explains why humans are unusually altruistic, especially in large groups. It explains many uniquely human qualities such as heroism, prestige, volunteering, and philanthropy).

Karen Baxter | alfa
Further information:
http://kent.ac.uk/news/

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Amazingly flexible: Learning to read in your thirties profoundly transforms the brain
26.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften

nachricht Fixating on faces
26.01.2017 | California Institute of Technology

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

Im Focus: Scientists improve forecast of increasing hazard on Ecuadorian volcano

Researchers from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, the Italian Space Agency (ASI), and the Instituto Geofisico--Escuela Politecnica Nacional (IGEPN) of Ecuador, showed an increasing volcanic danger on Cotopaxi in Ecuador using a powerful technique known as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR).

The Andes region in which Cotopaxi volcano is located is known to contain some of the world's most serious volcanic hazard. A mid- to large-size eruption has...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

New thruster design increases efficiency for future spaceflight

16.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Transporting spin: A graphene and boron nitride heterostructure creates large spin signals

16.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

A new method for the 3-D printing of living tissues

16.08.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>