A Cochrane Systematic Review that draws data from more than fifty different trials shows that delivering programmes in schools that specifically target at-risk pupils, can have real benefits.
Intervention strategies that aim to reduce violent behaviour in school children can either address a whole school or class, or alternatively target the children who already have threatening or aggressive behaviour – an approach known as ‘secondary prevention’.
A team of Cochrane Review Authors assessed the evidence for the effectiveness of school-based secondary prevention programmes. They found that interventions designed to improve relationship or social skills appear to be the most beneficial. Interventions designed to teach students not to respond to provocative situations could also produce benefits.
“Among the most useful programmes were those that taught children how to get on better with other people. These included teaching skills such as listening, thinking about the feelings of others, working co-operatively, and learning how to be assertive without being aggressive.” says lead Review Author Dr Julie Mytton a Public Health Doctor based at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.
The programmes were equally effective in both older and younger children, and in both boys-only groups and mixed sex groups.
Julia Lampam | alfa
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Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
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