A substantial number of older persons -- from 2 to 10 percent of the elderly population -- are physically or mentally abused, and mistreated seniors are three times more likely to die within three years than those who are not abused, report two Cornell University gerontologists in this weeks issue of the medical journal The Lancet.
Reviewing more than 50 articles, Karl Pillemer, professor of human development in the College of Human Ecology at Cornell, has collaborated with Dr. Mark S. Lachs, co-chief of the Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology at the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City, on a detailed review in The Lancet (Vol. 364, Oct. 2: pp. 1192-1263) on the risk factors, screening, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of elder abuse.
"This vastly unrecognized and undertreated problem compromises the quality of life for millions of older people worldwide," says Pillemer. "A busy physician, who might see 20 to 40 elderly patients a day, might encounter a case of possible elder abuse every day, but because of a lack of time, resources and a general lack of recognition of the problem, many cases go undetected and untreated, putting our elderly at heightened risk of physical and mental harm, and even death."
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Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
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In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
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