Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Class position of major importance in an individualised working life

03.06.2008
It is said that contemporary working life is less collectivistic than the one of yesterday, and that the individual has greater potential to influence work and pay conditions. But it is not that simple.

Some parts of working life have been individualised and some have not, while the degree of individualisation varies between different groups of employees, to a high degree dependent on their class position, says Mattias Bengtsson at the Department of Sociology.

Individualisation means that traditional communities such as class and family lose their importance while the individual is urged to make decisions and plan his or her life. This could mean that employees do not need the union in negotiations with the employer, that a "privatised" pay culture is common, that the wage is performance-based and that the employee has a great influence over how, when or where work is performed.

The thesis does not support opinions that individualisation has equal effects among the employees.

Factors such as sex and age, the size of workplace, whether the employment is public or private, and not least class position are related to individualised conditions and individualistic attitudes, says Mattias Bengtsson.

The conditions and attitudes of people

The results of the thesis speak both for and against an individualisation of working life. For example, two out of three employees agree that the union is necessary for successful negotiation with their employer, while nearly half the population agree that they prefer to take care of negotiations individually.

As opposed to the opinion that class has lost its explanatory power, the class position clearly influences the conditions and attitudes of people.

Compared to employees in a working class position, employees in the service class clearly has a higher influence over work and pay, they are more loyal towards the employer, more inclined to be non-unionised, more positive to unilateral negotiations with the employer and speaks to a lower degree about wages, says Mattias Bengtsson.

The material partly consists of previous research, partly of a postal survey from 2003, which was part of a research project under the guidance of Professor Bengt Furåker.

The survey was answered by 3286 employees, with a response rate of 72 percent.

The author of the thesis: Mattias Bengtsson,
phone +46(0)31-786 4820 (work)
e-mail: Mattias.Bengtsson@sociology.gu.se
The opponenent: Professor Jan Ch Karlsson, Karlstad

Eva Lundgren | idw
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Amazingly flexible: Learning to read in your thirties profoundly transforms the brain
26.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften

nachricht Fixating on faces
26.01.2017 | California Institute of Technology

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

Im Focus: Scientists develop molecular thermometer for contactless measurement using infrared light

Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine

Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator?

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Equipping form with function

23.06.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>