Researcher Minna van Gerven argues that this is the result of ongoing legislative reforms within the welfare state. On 17 October she will be awarded her doctorate at Tilburg University’s Faculty of Social Sciences in the Netherlands.
The cornerstones of our welfare state, such as benefit schemes for the unemployed, the disabled and low income households, are far less static than we tend to assume. Legislation in a range of European countries has undergone frequent changes in recent decades and national governments have been able to introduce far-reaching reforms in the field of social provisions. Minna van Gerven shows that a person’s capacity to work is playing an increasingly central role in the issuing of benefits: the focus is on whether a person can return to work and how this can be achieved as quickly as possible. Meanwhile the level of benefits has decreased and payments are being targeted more towards specific groups such as the unemployed and those with a complete incapacity to work.
Van Gerven conducted her research in Great Britain, Finland and the Netherlands and compared the trends in these countries over a period of 26 years. She studied the national legislation and benefit programmes in all three countries, exploring issues such as the duration of the right to benefit and the amount paid in benefit, as well as the changing criteria for accepting work and the relevance of a person's work history.
Van Gerven also describes the differences between the countries she studied. In the British system, for example, benefit schemes have been scaled back to a minimum at basic income level. In the Netherlands, benefits have become increasingly dependent on a person's work history and their reintegration into the job market. The Finnish system of basic benefit payments has been kept intact as much as possible, although work-related criteria also play a role in determining benefit entitlement. This makes it clear that developments within the European welfare state are following a trend towards limiting the rights of those entitled to benefit while stepping up their obligations.
Minna van Gerven (1974, Finland) has completed her doctorate at the Department of Sociology at Tilburg University’s Faculty of Social Sciences in the Netherlands. She studied social policy at the University of Tampere (in Finland) and is currently working as a researcher for AIAS (Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies).
Corine Schouten | alfa
Illinois researchers researchers find tweeting in cities lower than expected
21.02.2018 | University of Illinois College of Engineering
Polluted air may pollute our morality
08.02.2018 | Association for Psychological Science
In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.
Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...
Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.
They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...
A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...
For the first time, an interdisciplinary team from the University of Basel has succeeded in integrating artificial organelles into the cells of live zebrafish embryos. This innovative approach using artificial organelles as cellular implants offers new potential in treating a range of diseases, as the authors report in an article published in Nature Communications.
In the cells of higher organisms, organelles such as the nucleus or mitochondria perform a range of complex functions necessary for life. In the networks of...
Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...
19.03.2018 | Event News
16.03.2018 | Event News
13.03.2018 | Event News
21.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
21.03.2018 | Materials Sciences
21.03.2018 | Life Sciences