Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

How conversation works in a hostage drama

20.11.2009
A new dissertation from Umeå University in Sweden deals with communication in extreme situations. The example is the occupation of the West German embassy in 1975 and the telephone conversations that were carried out between relatives of the hostages, the Swedish minister of justice, a German embassy official, and one of the occupiers.

How does a social situation actually function when the lives of both the players and others are under threat? Many of us remember April 24, 1975, when six members of the Red Army Fraction occupied and blew up the West German embassy in Stockholm.

Conversation researcher Gregor von der Heiden analyzed the telephone conversations that were carried out with one of the occupiers. On the basis of this analysis, he draws conclusions regarding what is necessary for communication in a sensitive situation where the interests of the parties are irreconcilable.

The dissertation shows how conversations during crises are characterized by the fear that the situation will get out of hand and an inability to predict the reactions of the interlocutor. The pressure to act is great, and there are palpable risks. The gravity of the situation forces the participants to communicate exceptionally well.

"Crises are extreme situations in people's lives, and in such situations everyday commonplaces seem to be questioned," says Gregor von der Heiden. "Conversations in a crisis require the greatest concentration and presence of mind."

In his study, Gregor von der Heiden reconstructed the communicative processes that took place during the embassy occupation. The parties in a conversation had strongly contradictory interests and motives, but, despite this, they put together a shared picture of reality through their communicative actions. The interaction between two of the key players in the first stages of the crisis can even be characterized as a coalition. Why was this not maintained, and why did the situation escalate?

Dissertation: Gespräche in einer Krise. Analyse von Telefonaten mit einem RAF-Mitglied während der Okkupation der westdeutschen Botschaft in Stockholm 1975

For further information or an interview, please contact Gregor von der Heiden, tel +46 (0)90-786 63 13 or e-mail gregor.vonderheiden@tyska.umu.se.

Pressofficer Helena Vejbrink; helena.vejbrink@adm.umu.se or +46-90 786 93 79

Helena Vejbrink | idw
Further information:
http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:274011/FULLTEXT01

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Fixating on faces
26.01.2017 | California Institute of Technology

nachricht Internet use in class tied to lower test scores
16.12.2016 | Michigan State University

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen

24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>