A thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reveals that many teachers have insufficient knowledge of how the spoken language is converted into written language, and that they lack basic knowledge about the general processes involved in learning to read and write.
Tarja Alatalo’s study is based on teachers’ own testimonies and responses to interview questions and a questionnaire on conditions for teaching and approaches, attitudes and knowledge about the process of learning to read and write. “A large proportion of the teachers in the study group have gaps in their knowledge when it comes to the structure of the Swedish language and common Swedish spelling rules. They also seem to be unaccustomed to providing detailed descriptions of pupils' reading development, and to have difficulty giving a systematic account of aspects of daily literacy instruction,” says Tarja Alatalo.Counting speech sounds
One consequence of teachers’ knowledge gaps seems to be that when pupils have cracked the reading code, or if they are experiencing reading difficulties, many teachers tend to one-sidedly place emphasis on getting pupils to read more. This can mean that those pupils who might need to spend more time practising the basic technical aspects of reading or reading comprehension strategies are left without support, because the teacher lacks additional tools.
“There is a risk that the lack of varied and individual training in reading fluency and reading comprehension will lead to pupils falling behind in their reading development. The skill of the teacher is highly significant, particularly considering that 25-35 percent of Swedish pupils in years 3 and 4 (ages 9–11) have difficulty comprehending texts, and that 3–7 percent of school pupils have specific reading and writing difficulties.”Inconsistent levels of knowledge
Tarja Alatalo’s thesis has been produced within the framework of the educational research school at the Centre for Educational Science and Teacher Research at the University of Gothenburg. She taught the earliest year groups at primary school for a period of ten years and now trains teachers at Dalarna University.For more information, please contact: Tarja Alatalo
Starting school boosts development
11.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
New Master’s programme: University of Kaiserslautern educates experts in quantum technology
15.03.2017 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.
In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...
Dental plaque and the viscous brown slime in drainpipes are two familiar examples of bacterial biofilms. Removing such bacterial depositions from surfaces is...
For the first time, scientists have succeeded in studying the strength of hydrogen bonds in a single molecule using an atomic force microscope. Researchers from the University of Basel’s Swiss Nanoscience Institute network have reported the results in the journal Science Advances.
Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and is an integral part of almost all organic compounds. Molecules and sections of macromolecules are...
22.05.2017 | Event News
17.05.2017 | Event News
16.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Materials Sciences
22.05.2017 | Life Sciences
22.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy