An estimated 17% of human cancers are caused by chronic infection. Cancer results from the progressive accumulation of genetic changes to the body’s healthy regulation of cell growth. It arises when these changes cause cells to proliferate uncontrollably. The International Agency for Research on Cancer recognizes 9 viral and bacterial agents that appear to provoke this biological chain of events.
“INCA will help researchers develop new prevention measures and treatments against cancers such as leukemia, stomach cancer, and cervical cancer”, explained Professor Thomas Schulz, INCA’s principal coordinator based at Hannover Medical School, Germany. The consortium will focus on five viruses and one bacterium, the gut-dwelling Helicobacter pylori, to investigate how chronic infections and inflammation can interfere with normal cellular functioning.
Techniques like gene expression profiling reveal 100’s or even thousands of genes that are apparently active in a particular disease state. Such results require specialized statistical processing. INCA will exploit existing biological knowledge of inflammatory pathways to interpret high throughput data measuring transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic activity. Professor Schulz added, “Genedata’s informatics resources will help us gain the best advantage from genome-wide experimental investigations”.
“We are proud to provide the research informatics infrastructure for this important cancer research program”, says Dr. Othmar Pfannes, CEO of Genedata AG. Genedata will integrate high throughput molecular data and provide quantitative data analysis and training services. Dr. Pfannes added, “Our computational solutions are tailored for collaborative settings and provide a valuable informatics foundation for consortia-based research efforts”.
Tobe Freeman | alfa
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Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...
Many pathogens use certain sugar compounds from their host to help conceal themselves against the immune system. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now, in cooperation with researchers at the University of York in the United Kingdom, analyzed the dynamics of a bacterial molecule that is involved in this process. They demonstrate that the protein grabs onto the sugar molecule with a Pac Man-like chewing motion and holds it until it can be used. Their results could help design therapeutics that could make the protein poorer at grabbing and holding and hence compromise the pathogen in the host. The study has now been published in “Biophysical Journal”.
The cells of the mouth, nose and intestinal mucosa produce large quantities of a chemical called sialic acid. Many bacteria possess a special transport system...
UMD, NOAA collaboration demonstrates suitability of in-orbit datasets for weather satellite calibration
"Traffic and weather, together on the hour!" blasts your local radio station, while your smartphone knows the weather halfway across the world. A network of...
Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are frequently used in the aeronautic and automobile industry. However, the repair of workpieces made of these composite materials is often less profitable than exchanging the part. In order to increase the lifetime of FRP parts and to make them more eco-efficient, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Apodius GmbH want to combine a new measuring device for fiber layer orientation with an innovative laser-based repair process.
Defects in FRP pieces may be production or operation-related. Whether or not repair is cost-effective depends on the geometry of the defective area, the tools...
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16.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering