An estimated 17% of human cancers are caused by chronic infection. Cancer results from the progressive accumulation of genetic changes to the body’s healthy regulation of cell growth. It arises when these changes cause cells to proliferate uncontrollably. The International Agency for Research on Cancer recognizes 9 viral and bacterial agents that appear to provoke this biological chain of events.
“INCA will help researchers develop new prevention measures and treatments against cancers such as leukemia, stomach cancer, and cervical cancer”, explained Professor Thomas Schulz, INCA’s principal coordinator based at Hannover Medical School, Germany. The consortium will focus on five viruses and one bacterium, the gut-dwelling Helicobacter pylori, to investigate how chronic infections and inflammation can interfere with normal cellular functioning.
Techniques like gene expression profiling reveal 100’s or even thousands of genes that are apparently active in a particular disease state. Such results require specialized statistical processing. INCA will exploit existing biological knowledge of inflammatory pathways to interpret high throughput data measuring transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic activity. Professor Schulz added, “Genedata’s informatics resources will help us gain the best advantage from genome-wide experimental investigations”.
“We are proud to provide the research informatics infrastructure for this important cancer research program”, says Dr. Othmar Pfannes, CEO of Genedata AG. Genedata will integrate high throughput molecular data and provide quantitative data analysis and training services. Dr. Pfannes added, “Our computational solutions are tailored for collaborative settings and provide a valuable informatics foundation for consortia-based research efforts”.
Tobe Freeman | alfa
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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