Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Wide Range of Topics Covered by New Research Units

27.01.2006


DFG Approves 19 New Research Units



The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) will provide approximately €30.6 million in funding for 19 new Research Units over the next three years. This decision was reached by the Joint Committee at its meeting on 12 January 2006. The broad spectrum of topics demonstrates the attractiveness of the programme for all disciplines. The DFG currently funds 151 Research Units, in which several scientists from different disciplines collaborate on a specific research topic. The funding enables these units to provide the necessary staff and material resources for close, medium-term collaboration, generally lasting six years, and often contributes to establishing new research directions.

Six Research Units in detail:


The Research Unit: “Origins of (or in) the Modern Age: Theoretical Concepts, Literary Figurations, Historical Constructions” will investigate the fascination about origins and the related myths. The theory that the modern world has been progressively deprived of magic or myths will be critically examined, since the construction of modern origins has always been used in the context of strategies of justification and legitimisation. The investigation of the corresponding links, conceptual models and narratives will be studied for the last three hundred years – with examples from the premodern and antique periods – in close collaboration with literature scientists, philosophers and theologians.

Increased stress is one of the characteristics of a modern information and achievement-orientated society. What effect does this stress have on the human brain, in particular on the formation of memories? What are the resulting functional and dysfunctional behaviours, and how are these reflected in society? These questions will be examined by the Research Unit: “The Science of Social Stress (SOSS): Understanding the Interaction of Mind, Brain and Culture in the Response and Adaptation to Stress”. For the first time scientists from the University of Konstanz will concentrate on the interactions between biological and social factors in the development of stress.

The Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda are part of the east rift system. They are more than 5,000 metres high, which is unusual for an area otherwise dominated by rift valleys. The Research Unit “Rift Dynamics, Uplift and Climate Change in Equatorial Africa: Interdisciplinary Research Linking Asthenosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and Atmosphere” will focus on how this mountain formation took place, its influence on climate and consequent effects on the ecosystem, and human evolution in this region. The participating scientists – from the universities of Frankfurt am Main, Heidelberg and Mainz, the Technical University of Darmstadt, the Free University of Berlin and GFZ Potsdam (Germany’s National Research Centre for Geosciences) – will study issues related to geodynamics, sedimentology, paleontology, hominid research and atmosphere research.

Research cannot stand still. This applies too if tool machines breakdown unexpectedly and production stops. The aim of the Research Unit “Targeted Preventive Maintenance by Automated Status Observation” is to develop a method for the automatic prediction of damage. The basis of this prediction is the systematic analysis of control and drive signals, leading to prediction of machine breakdowns and consequent cost minimization. Thus it should be possible in future to plan maintenance measures in good time at opportune moments, to avoid loss of production.

When choosing which meat to buy, it is not only the price that matters, but also the quality and taste. One of the characteristics of high quality meat is a specific water content. What is decisive is the water binding capacity of the meat, which depends on factors such as the muscular structure and various environmental factors, including stress. The Research Unit “Functional Genetic Principles of Water Binding Capacity in Pork (DRIP)” will identify the specific regions in the genome that influence this specific property in pork. This interdisciplinary unit will investigate the genetic basis of physiological processes and perform functional studies, taking various aspects including biochemistry, product characteristics, animal breeding, and bioinformatics into consideration.

The Research Unit “Mechanisms of Compatibility: Reprogramming of Plant Metabolism by Fungal Effector Molecules” will focus on host parasite relationships in cereal plants and fungal microorganisms. On the basis of the examples of sweet corn (maize), barley and bindweed, the researchers plan to study the interrelationship between host plants and fungi, with the aim of understanding the phenomenon of “metabolic reprogramming”, the reprogramming of the metabolic processes in the plant after colonisation by the fungi. They hope that this project will also provide concrete benefits for agriculture, including new possibilities for increasing yields and for improving the resistance of cultivated plants.

The new Research Units:

RWTH Aachen University: “Machine, Tool and Process Development for New Procedures to Produce Microcomponents through Liquid Phases” (Spokesperson: Prof. Walter Michaeli)

University of Bayreuth: “Electron Transfer Processes in Anoxis Aquifers” (Spokesperson: Prof. Stefan Peiffer)

University of Bochum: “Understanding the Aggregation of Small Molecules with Precise Methods - Interactions between Experiments and Theory” (Spokesperson: Prof. Wolfram Sander)

University of Bonn: “Quantum Control and Simulation with Distributed Neutral Atom Systems” (Spokesperson: Prof. Dieter Meschede)

University of Bonn: “Functional Genetic Principles of Water Binding Capacity in Pork (DRIP)” (Spokesperson: Prof. Karl Schellander)

University of Darmstadt: “Improving the Quality of Peer-to-Peer Systems by the Systematic Research of Quality Characteristics and their Mutual Dependence” (Spokesperson: Prof. Ralf Steinmetz)

University of Frankfurt am Main: “Rift Dynamics, Uplift and Climate Change in Equatorial Africa: Interdisciplinary Research linking Asthenosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and Atmosphere” (Spokesperson: Prof. Georg Rümpker)

University of Giessen: “Mechanisms of Compatibility: Reprogramming of Plant Metabolism by Fungal Effector Molecules” (Spokesperson: Prof. Karl-Heinz Kogel)

Hannover Medical School: “Molecular Mechanisms of Cellular Motility” (Spokesperson: Prof. Dietmar Manstein)

University of Hannover: “Microstructuring of Surfaces under High Thermodynamic Stress”(Spokesperson: Prof. Berend Denkena)

University of Hannover: “Earth Rotation and Global Dynamic Processes” (Spokesperson: Prof. Jürgen Müller)

University of Heidelberg: “Biological Function of Organometallic Compounds” (Spokesperson: Prof. Nils Metzler-Nolte)

University of Konstanz: “The Science of Social Stress (SOSS): Understanding the Interaction of Mind, Brain and Culture in the Response and Adaptation to Stress” (Prof. Thomas Elbert)

University of Leipzig: “Analysis and Stochastics in Complex Physical Systems” (Spokesperson: Prof. Wolfgang König)

University of Leipzig: “Grammar and Processing of Verbal Arguments” (Spokesperson: Prof. Gereon Müller)

University of Marburg: “Polymeric Nanocarriers for the Pulmonary Administration of Active Substances” (Spokesperson: Prof. Thomas Kissel)

University of Munich: “Origins of (or in) the Modern: Theoretical Concepts, Literary Figurations, Historical Constructions” (Spokesperson: Prof. Inka Mülder-Bach)

University of Stuttgart: “Targeted Preventive Maintenance by Automated Status Observation” (Spokesperson: Prof. Uwe Heisel)

University of Stuttgart: “Positioning of Single Nanostructures – Single Quantum Devices” (Spokesperson: Prof. Peter Michler)

Jutta Rateike | alfa
Further information:
http://www.dfg.de/for/en/

More articles from Science Education:

nachricht Starting school boosts development
11.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht New Master’s programme: University of Kaiserslautern educates experts in quantum technology
15.03.2017 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

All articles from Science Education >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

Im Focus: Scientists develop molecular thermometer for contactless measurement using infrared light

Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine

Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator?

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Equipping form with function

23.06.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>