This report details the numbers of Nanotechnology and Nanoscience (N&N) infrastructure centres and networks within the EU and associated states. Names of centres and networks with website details and brief descriptions are included along with an introduction to N&N research and development (R&D) in each country. For summary charts, the following broad categories have been used: all technologies; nanomaterials; electronics and systems; fundamental research; nanobiotechnology; analytical and diagnostics; engineering and fabrication; energy. Centres and/or networks were found in all EU and associated states apart from Croatia, Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta, and Slovakia.
Infrastructure for the purpose of this report is defined as centres which allow external users access to fabrication or analytical facilities, and provide technical support if required, for N&N R&D. Also included are well-equipped research centres for basic research, which are open for cooperations. A total of 240 such centres were identified over 28 different states. 16 centres are classified as major EU research infrastructure (with a further centre being built), which have large-scale facilities (clean rooms, comprehensive equipment), generally have support staff (both for R&D, and for technology transfer and training), and have multi-million (plus) annual budgets. Most of the other centres offer facilities for a number of R&D sectors, however nanomaterials, and electronics and systems represent the most common themes (87 and 68 centres respectively).
A total of 143 networks, which offer support for collaboration and information exchange between members, were identified across 23 EU and associated states. 79 of these are national networks with the remaining 64 involved in international cooperation. 37 networks support all N&N activities, and a further 40 specialize in nanomaterials. There is variation in the distribution of disciplines covered by international and national networks, with over a third of national networks supporting all disciplines (while international networks are more specialized). Of the national networks most (22) are coordinated from Germany, with 9 from the UK, and 4 from each of France, the Netherlands, and Poland.
Mark Morrison | alfa
Classroom in Stuttgart with Li-Fi of Fraunhofer HHI opened
03.11.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, HHI
Starting school boosts development
11.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new and complex behaviors.
Researchers have created chemical amplifiers and a chemical oscillator using a systematic method that has the potential to embed sophisticated circuit...
MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.
Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...
Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...
Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.
To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...
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