The data has been generated from an online webbased database of competences, supported through an EU specific support action.The project has been implemented by AVEDAS AG, Germany, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden and EuropaBio, Belgium.
It contains all the health related projects funded by the EU during the last Research Framework Programme, as well as the principal organisations participating in these projects. The aim of this database is to increase transparency and accessibility of research competences in Europe, both for Europeans (in a recent Eurobarometer, 70% of them expressed their interest in health research) but also for other nationalities interested in participating in the European Health Research effort.
In the European Research Programme going from 2001 to 2006 (FP6), the part of the programme focussing on health research was major with its budget of € 2.4 billion supporting 680 projects. It was shared between different research areas with about 50% of the projects and budget dedicated to disease oriented research areas. Cancer is the area receiving most support with 123 projects, about 18 % of projects partly or entirely focussed on cancer, with 22 % of the budget (€ 539 million). Other important research areas are AIDS/HIV, Stem Cell Research, Diabetes, Diagnostics, Vaccines and Drug design.
An important policy in the EU is to support competitiveness by encouraging cooperation of academia and clinicians with industry, and especially with small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Out of 2.438 unique partners in health research projects, 853 are from the private sector, of which 365 SMEs (15%). It means that around 20 % of the total number of SMEs in the Health sector are participating in the EU programme. The majority of partners in the programme are academic.
Another important policy in European research is international cooperation. Participation from countries outside Europe and its associated states represents about 5% of partners of health projects. The highest number of participations are from China, Russia, US and South Africa. Within Europe, about 6% of the partners are from the 12 new EU-member states and 7% of the partners are from the states associated to the EU with science and technology cooperation agreements that involved contributing to the framework programme budget.
It is expected that the 'LifeCompetence' database will have many positive implications for the Health research society in Europe and for worldwide cooperations, e.g. increased knowledge transfer, better partnerships and more efficient management of research programmes and research organisations, as well as providing a transparent information on the resources invested in funding health research at the European level.
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More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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